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Scarlet Firethorn

The scarlet firethorn is a thorny shrub and not a climbing plant, but is nevertheless suitable for façade greening. It delights with its white flowers and colourful berries, and is also wintergreen. It can be planted as a bush to protect the base of a facade against graffiti or it can be trained into a desired shape with a trellis.

Latin: pyracantha coccinea

Firethorn "Orange Glow" with berry jewels
Firethorn "Orange Glow" with berry jewels

Requirements / Price

Scarlet Firethorn needs a sunny (full sun) location, or at least a position where it gets full daylight. Can live in full or semi-shade but then produces fewer or hardly any flowers and fruit. Needs nutrient-rich and moist soils with good water retention. Distance between two plants: 2.5 - 4 metres.

Two cultivars are not available at the moment.

  •  "Orange Glow" 
  • "Red Column" 

Characteristics and Pruning

This is a rambler, seldom growing higher than 4 metres, with hanging shoots, that is often grown as a formed/shaped tree. Thorny and evergreen, it has white flowers in June, and- depending not the cultivar-yellow, orange, or red berries in winter which are loved by birds. Pruning in winter will promote branching. Firethorn is subject to fireblight. Firethorn seeds are slightly poisonous.

Climbing Aids for the Facade

Rods, grids, or wire rope trellises with a large grid spacing to hold the trunk and bind shoots. Refer to the table of suitable trellis designs at the bottom of the page; choose one from the medium or easy range.

Suitable wire rope trellises?

Click on the picture to see the table of all compatible trellis designs.

Façade Greening with Scarlet Firethorn

Firethorn is a shrub, but it can be given a flat shape on a façade, as you can see in this gallery...

Beginning of a house greening with scarlet firethorn
Firethorn, selectively attached as per trellis system 1010, an ivy to the right
Small firethorn on a façade
Firethorn pyracantha at a house entrance
Two dense firethorn bushes
Firethorn as a façade plant
"Orderly" building greening with firethorn
Small wall trellis with a flowering firethorn
Flowering firethorn
Pyracantha as a small climbing shrub
Dense firethorn bush growing away from the wall
Firethorn bush used as protection against graffiti
Firthorn used as protection against graffiti
Firethorn next to a door
Two small climbing shrubs (pyracantha) on a facade
Small house greened with firethorn
Small wall greened with pyracantha

Botanical Features

Scarlet firethorn through the seasons...

Scarlet firethorn flowers
Firethorn, probably "Orange Glow," over a garage entryway
Splendid berries!
Firethorn with fruit, probably the cultivar "Red Column"
Scarlet firethorn with coloured leaves after a long winter

Wire Rope Trellises for Firethorn

Please click on the graphics for details!

 = suitable             = sometimes  suitable      = not suitable