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Small Espaliers and Espalier "Ribbons" / Continuous Espaliers

Vineyard-style training is also effective in training grapevines along walls and facades. Especially small espaliers can be established using this technique, as well as continuous espaliers or green "ribbons" of any height. By planting several vines, a designated greening area can be covered very quickly. The simplicity and efficiency of this training technique makes it preferable to the horizontal cordon.

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Spatial Requirements

Horizontal espalier ribbons require an espalier height of 0.7 - 1.2 metres; that is, the distance between the lowest and highest wire should be at least 70 cm. For aesthetic reasons, it is recommended to keep a minimal distance of 25 - 40 cm from house corners, windows, doors, and other wall openings (refer to Planning Tips). A vine with bilateral canes requires a width of about 1.5 m, and a unilateral cane a width of about 0.8 m. For a cane bent and tied into a circle ("circular cane," see below), the espalier width can be as narrow as 50 cm.

Trellis Systems

Small or narrow, ribbon-like trellises; for suitable wire rope systems, refer to Grapevines.

Training and Pruning

As illustrated in vineyard training: for the usual bilateral arched canes, 3 espalier wires are sufficient. For tall espaliers, the vertical main trunk is trained to the desired height; if growth is rather weak, this training period is extended by another year. For very small or narrow spaces, only one lateral cane is developed and tied as a circular cane (see below).

Several vines, loosely connected to form an espalier "ribbon"
Espalier ribbon
The same espalier "ribbon" as above, before winter pruning, trellis system as per cable system 3050
Weinberg Erziehung
After winter pruning, 2 lateral, slightly arched canes ("flat arch," see photo below)
Vineyard house
Young vine with 2 canes and a replacement spur; detail to image above
Details of winter pruning
Older vine without replacement spurs; detail to image above
Detail of winter pruning
Vine with vineyard training on a wooden trellis, after the growth of shoots in spring; bilateral, slightly-arched canes
Vineyard-trained
Detail of upper left photo (espalier ribbon), grape harvest with high yield
Grape harvest on an espalier
Grapevine on 3 horizontal wires as per cable system 1020. For widths less than 1.5 m, only one lateral cane is formed.
Cultivating vine on houses
Vines with medium-height trunks on two horizontal wires as per cable system 1060, bilateral slightly arched canes ("curved cut")
Curved (arched) cut, vine
On wooden trellises, the canes can be bent into a semi-circle; here several vines trained as semi-circles
Arch-trained grapevine
Small espaliers with vertical or horizontal wires
Grapevines on small espaliers
Vine with vineyard training, bilateral slightly-arched canes ("flat arch"), trellis as per 8010
Espalier grapevine
Young vine, bud burst in spring, on a narrow espalier with just one lateral cane; to the bottom right, a replacement spur on the head of the vine
Trellis on a wall base
For very narrow espaliers (approx. 50 cm wide), a single lateral cane is tied as a circle.
Small espalier
Circular Cane ("full arch"): a cane trained into a circle on a very narrow trellis after pruning, bending, and tying; the staggered heights of the buds ensure that the grapes are better distributed vertically and don't press against each other.
Circular Cane Training
Semi-circular canes can be tied to horizontal wires as long as there are more than 3 - 4 wires available
Climbing area for house vine