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Planting Vines

In this section you will find all the information you need to plant your grapevine, so that your vine can start the first year of growth under the best conditions. You can find potted vines from spring to late autumn at many nurseries, while bare-root plants are available from vine nurseries (or FassadenGrün!) in spring. A grapevine cultivated from suitable stock should produce a full yield after 4 years (refer to the sequence of images).

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Grafting of Grapevines

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The year 0

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Storage of Bare-Root Grapevines

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Planting Bare-Root Grapevines

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Container (Potted) Vines

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Planting Area

All vines are most pleased in a planting area / flowerbed of about 0.5 to 1 m². If this is not possible, e.g. on the footpath in front of a house wall, then a recess/area the size of a large plate will work, as long as the surrounding pavement is reasonably permeable to water. 

 

Note: do not plant vines in the vicinity of trees, shrubs, conifers, or other old vines in your garden, because the root competition will prevent them from developing. However, it is possible to plant several varieties of grapevines in the same planting area ("quiver" style arrangement) to extend the harvest period.

Planting

Planting usually takes place in spring, but potted vines can be planted throughout the year, as long as the ground is frost-free. The planting hole must be much larger than the root system, and quite deep (dig at least two spades wide and deep), and the subsoil needs to be aerated, i.e., loosened.

 

If necessary, incorporate some drainage, as vines don't tolerate waterlogging! After the planting stake is rammed in, backfill with a layer of (sieved) fine soil, place the vine in the hole, backfill with topsoil and carefully tamp the soil around the vine... establish a watering ring (a slightly mounded earth ring around the plant to hold the water) and water the plant in with 5-10 litres of water. The swollen bud union (grafting point) should be approximately 8-12 cm above the ground. A paraffin layer protecting the vine from drying out may still be present, but will degrade naturally. The stem is then tied to the stake below the bud union. The strong main shoot is also tied to the stake, and any further shoots are cut and removed. Mulch the planting area. In an open field situation (e.g. vineyard), it is necessary to protect the vines against foraging deer, rabbits etc..

Precautionary Measures

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Special Case: Planting from Cuttings

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Possible Problems with Container (Potted) Vines

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Grafted, bare-root grapevine-- with pruned roots and without.
Bare-root vines
Bare-root grapevines need a full watering 24 hours before planting.
Bare-root vine before planting
4-6 young shoots emerge.
Info on planting grapevines
The young shoots of the grapvine grow quickly.
Shoots of a vine plant
At this stage, the grapevine is reduced to one shoot.
Young grapevine plant
Attention: tying and binding the young shoots is important; they crack fast!
Young grapevine