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Training and Pruning Grapevines

Well-trained grapevines have a strong but spartan stem framework. Here you can select from a range of systems to train your vines, and read about the training methods in the first three years. Once fully trained, the main trunk of the vine is left alone, and the yearly pruning is concerned only with the side shoots.

Grapevines in Bad Sooden / Hessen / Germany ~ 1880
Grapevines: Info on facade layout

Arrangement on a Facade

How to train grapevines correctly

Planting grapevines


Growing a grapevine at home: getting started

Training in the 1st year

1st year

Training and maintenance

For vineyards and fences

Vineyard Training

For vineyard and fence

Small epaliers

Small Espaliers

Single or band of multiple

Fans shapes


The most common form

Grapevine trained as a vertical cordon

Vertical Cordons

Strict and clear

Grapevine trained as a horizontal cordon

Horizontal Cordons

For high yields

Training a vine as a garland


On the facade or hanging

Vine gallery - training form for southern regions


Grapevine roofs

Training grapevine on pergolas


Training grapevines for pergolas

Staked grapevine

Staked Vines

In the garden

Grapevine in greenhouses


Cultivation under glass or tarpaulin

Potted grapevine

Potted Vines

For balconies and terraces