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Vine Garlands

Vine garlands are usually a loose combination of vertical and horizontal cordons, something which is not possible in the strict cordon training forms. Typically, the shoots are not trellised or tucked behind climbing supports, but fall freely. In the case of timber framework ('half-timbered' houses typical in certain regions of Germany) where the wall space that can accommodate a support is limited, garlands are often the only possible way to train a vine, and fastening the stems on the wood is easy. Apart from that, garlands are generally more suitable for decorative purposes; but, with good care and maintenance, they can also produce high yields.

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Background

In earlier times, vine garlands used to be grown and stretched over whole courtyards or farmyards as per cable system 0040. In garden art they were known as "festoons."

Spatial Requirements

Wall strips about 0.6 - 1.2 m wide. Garlands are the perfect solution should you wish to green only a narrow area, or if only very narrow areas are available. On half-timbered houses there is no other option because of the fastening on such a structure.

Trellis Systems

The "spartan" trellis consists of just one strand, which runs parallel to the trunk, without any adjacent wires or espalier slats, etc.. Examples can also be found under green roofs. The distance from the wall is negligible: the support only serves to fasten the horizontal vine structure to the wall. However, the trunk-stem framework must not be wound around the wire, but guided strictly parallel and fixed to the wire.

Training and Pruning

Training garlands is very simple: in the 1st year, a main shoot is grown and the subsequent training is similar to that of vertical cordons or horizontal cordons, though less strict. Each year, the main trunk is lengthened and side shoot positions are formed on it for future fruiting canes. The distance between these shoot positions varies according to the intended use of the garland. The side shoot positions undergo spur pruning; summer pruning is also recommended. Because the fruiting canes tend to bend downwards from the horizontal cordons along the wall, which can cause them to twist axially, the horizontal stems may be slightly bent, resulting in an undulating form, whereby the curvatures support themselves against the wall.

Disadvantages

Unfortunately, canes in garlands often break under their own weight and in windy situations... and even for vigorously upright growing vines, the garland form is not suitable. Often entire side shoot positions fail, resulting in sparse foliage, especially in the lower areas.

Vine garlands on trellis wires
Vine garland
Combination of free hanging garlands and garlands tied to the walls
Vine garlands
A garland with rigorous summer pruning; see also photo "table grapes"
Vine garland
Bilateral (T-shaped) garland, area with limited space
Greenery for houses
Vine garland without summer pruning
House grapevine
Vertical garlands on steel wires, bud break in spring
Vine
Free-hanging vine garlands
Garden art "festoons"
Vine garland led along a beam of a half-timbered house // Garland on support wire along the joist
Vine in wintertime, Meißen / Germany
Lush tasble grapes thanks to summer pruning (see photo to the right)
Grapes
Vine garlands for decorative purposes
Grapvevine training
Greening with 2 (3) vertical/oblique "arm-thick" garlands
Vine garlands
A widely branching garland before winter pruning
Vine cordon
Extensive greening with garlands, winter image before pruning
Hofloessnitz
Vine trained in several tiers to provide early greenery in spring
Grapevine
Vine garland in early summer
Half-timbered house
Two angled garlands
Trellis wire for grapevine
Very old t-shaped garland with a "thigh-strong" trunk, after bud break in spring
Vine garland
Garlands can also have leafy trunks. Trained bilaterally, this form can make a strong statement, is reminiscent of the sacred crucifixion motive. Unique to garlands, the woody and leafy parts that would be considered undesirable for other pruning systems, can be left on the plant's frame.
Vine garland
Cramped/narrow situation, curtain training
Trellis system