The highly effective vineyard training techniques are also applicable for small rows of vines in the garden, for fences, and for freestanding espaliers. Especially noteworthy about vineyard training is the fact that usually the vines are trained with short trunks; that is, no elaborate trunk/stem framework is developed as is common in other training techniques.
In earlier times, every wine-growing region had its own typical training techniques. Vines were either left to grow as shrubs without any growth supports, or trellised to wooden frames in the vineyard. Around 1900, the "Rhine-Hessian Training" became firmly established, a post and wire system using several horizontal parallel wires superimposed upon each other ("wire frame").
The vines are arranged in rows with the plants usually spaced about 1.5m apart (for 2 canes per vine) or 0.8m (for 1 cane per vine). The trellis area, i.e., the space between the top and bottom wires, should be about 1m high; for smaller layouts in the garden- min. 70cm.
The type and construction of the wire frames depends, among other things, on the selected training method, and for larger sites, requires professional advice. For small plantings, the wire rope system 0050 is useful.
Selecting the correct training method is best done with professional advice. As an example, the bilateral cane training method, as carried out in the 2nd year, is illustrated here. Please refer to the information under 1st Year grapevines.