Vine garlands are usually a loose combination of vertical and horizontal cordons, something which is not possible in the strict cordon training forms. Typically, the shoots are not trellised or tucked behind climbing supports, but fall freely. In the case of timber framework ('half-timbered' houses typical in certain regions of Germany) where the wall space that can accommodate a support is limited, garlands are often the only possible way to train a vine, and fastening the stems on the wood is easy. Apart from that, garlands are generally more suitable for decorative purposes; but, with good care and maintenance, they can also produce high yields.
In earlier times, vine garlands used to be grown and stretched over whole courtyards or farmyards as per cable system 0040. In garden art they were known as "festoons."
Wall strips about 0.6 - 1.2 m wide. Garlands are the perfect solution should you wish to green only a narrow area, or if only very narrow areas are available. On half-timbered houses there is no other option because of the fastening on such a structure.
The "spartan" trellis consists of just one strand, which runs parallel to the trunk, without any adjacent wires or espalier slats, etc.. Examples can also be found under green roofs. The distance from the wall is negligible: the support only serves to fasten the horizontal vine structure to the wall. However, the trunk-stem framework must not be wound around the wire, but guided strictly parallel and fixed to the wire.
Training garlands is very simple: in the 1st year, a main shoot is grown and the subsequent training is similar to that of vertical cordons or horizontal cordons, though less strict. Each year, the main trunk is lengthened and side shoot positions are formed on it for future fruiting canes. The distance between these shoot positions varies according to the intended use of the garland. The side shoot positions undergo spur pruning; summer pruning is also recommended. Because the fruiting canes tend to bend downwards from the horizontal cordons along the wall, which can cause them to twist axially, the horizontal stems may be slightly bent, resulting in an undulating form, whereby the curvatures support themselves against the wall.
Unfortunately, canes in garlands often break under their own weight and in windy situations... and even for vigorously upright growing vines, the garland form is not suitable. Often entire side shoot positions fail, resulting in sparse foliage, especially in the lower areas.