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Wine Garlands

Wine garlands are usually a loose combination of vertical and horizontal cordons, something which is not permissible in the strict cordon training forms. Typically, the green shoots grow totally freely into space and are not tied to or tucked behind growth supports. In the case of timber framework, garlands are often the only possible way to guide vines, as  fastening the stems on the timber is easy. Apart from that, garlands are usually more suitable for decorative purposes, however, with good care and maintenance they can also produce high yields.

Background

In bygone times, vine garlands used to be grown all over the farmyards as per System 0040. In garden art, they were known as festoons.

Spatial Requirements

Wall strips approx. 0.6 - 1.2m wide. Garlands are the perfect solution should you wish to green only a narrow area, or if only very narrow areas are available. On half-timbered houses they are a necessity due to fastening.

Trellis Systems

The "spartan" trellis consists of just one strand, which runs parallel to the stem, without any adjacent wires or espalier slats etc. Examples can also be found under Roofings. The distance from the wall is negligible: the support only serves to fasten the horizontal stem to the wall. However, the stem must not be wound around the wire, but guided strictly parallel and fixed to the wire.

Training and Pruning

Training garlands is very simple: in the 1st Year a main shoot is grown and the subsequent training is similar to that of Vertical Cordons or Horizontal Cordons, though less strict. Each year, the main trunk is lengthened and side shoot positions are formed on it for future fruiting canes. The distance between these shoot positions varies according to the intended use of the garland. The side shoot positions undergo Spur Pruning, and Summer Pruning is also recommended. Because the fruiting canes tend to bend downwards from the horizontal cordons along the wall, which can cause them to twist axially, the horizontal stems may be slightly bent, resulting in an undulating form, whereby the curvatures support themselves against the wall.

Disadvantages

Unfortunately, canes in garlands often break under their own weight and in windy situations, and even for vigorously upright growing vines the garland form is not suitable. Often entire side shoot positions fail, resulting in sparse foliage especially in the lower areas.

Wine garlands on trellis wires
Wine garland
Combination of free hanging garlands and garlands tied to the walls
Wine garlands
A garland with rigorous summer pruning, see also photo "Table grapes"
Wine garland
Bilateral garland in a confined situation
Greenery for houses
Wine garland without summer pruning
House grapevine
Vertical garlands on steel wires, bud break in spring
vine
Free-hanging wine garlands
Garden art "Festons"
Garland on support wire along the sleeper joist
Vine at wintertime in Meißen
Lush tasble grapes thanks to summer pruning (see photo to the right)
Grapes
Wine garlands for decorative purposes
Grapvevine training
Greening with 2 (3) vertical resp. oblique "arm-thick" garlands
Wine garlands
A very extensive garland before winter pruning
Vine cordon
Extensive greening with garlands, winter image before pruning
Hofloessnitz
Vine trained in several tiers, to provide early greenery in spring
Grapevine
Wine garland in early summer
wood timbered house, greening
Two unilateral garlands
Trellis wire for grapevine
Ancient bilateral garland with a "thigh-strong" trunk, after bud break in spring
Vine garland
Garlands can have leafy trunks. Trained bilaterally, this form makes a very strong statement, as it is reminiscent of the sacred crucifixion motive.
Garland with grapevine
Confined situation, curtain training
Trellis system