Full Wall Greening - Surface greening of walls

Full greening means  serious, full-faced "cultivated green up" of a facade or other wall areas and surfaces. It is regarded as supremely ecological. This green up concept often thrives without growing structures. However, whole trellis walls can be designed of wire-cable or wood  depending on the plant (see below). Also mixed greens planting is possible. If you think about a bigger surface greening, this page can serve as a base for decision making.

Entire side of the building covered in plants, farm near Dresden / Saxony

Pros and Cons

With a full surface green up in densely populated cities one can actually improve the summer microclimate. Even birds and insects get an additional habitat - real animal protection! Your costs only begin when the plants reach the roof and need trimming at regular intervals. Depending on the plant there is also significant autumn foliage quantities to be disposed of! There are also possible structural damages and tenant dissatisfaction because of spiders, critters, and darkened, overgrown windows ... Another creative tip: At least in some places, the facade should remain non-greened to create an enchanting sight.

Natural Self Climbing Plants

Self clinging climbers (plants that climb up themselves without any wire, cable or wooden trellis) need almost no trellises - so they can be used very inexpensively to create surface greening. This is especially true for Ivy, this "year-round" retains its leaves. Boston Ivy and Virginia Creeper walls are usually fast-growing and have bright red autumn leaves. However, their appearence in winter is not always sightly.

Plants with climbing support

Most climbing plants need Trellises to completely cover a wall. The classic full-planting was done earlier with trellis vine, because then planting was seen in terms of yield. But vines need care and for basic start up knowledge expertise is required, which can be found on this website. Also with climbing roses, larger surface greening can be created, and if necessary, Clematis and annuals can also be introduced

All-over greening concept with Boston Ivy
Greening concept with Boston Ivy
Full Climbing greenery mix of Virginia Creeper, Dutchman's Pipe (yellow) and Knotweed Mixed planting in a fire wall, autumn colours, growing system similar to 5040, concept and design: green façade, 2002.
Multi greened facade

Picture Gallery

Here you will see Wall greening's with different plants and in different care conditions. With and without trellises at different times of year

Extensive wall greening with trumpet vine
Full faced façade greening with wisteria on a espaliers, town hall Riesa / Saxony
Three grape vine
Ancient wall greening of espalier fruit (pear), castle Hasselburg / Schleswig-Holstein
Surface greening of overhanging Evergreen Honeysuckle on wire rope in an alley, Konstanz / Baden-Wuerttemberg
An outbuilding greened with vigorously growing climbing plants (Clematis Montana)
The wall of a shopping mall planted with Clematis Vitalba (and wisteria)
Building greening with ivy in winter
Greening with ivy
Building greening with ivy, wild vines, and flower boxes, Überlingen near the lake Constance / Baden-Wuerttemberg
Lush silver lace vine on wooden trellises
Climbing plants (Climbing Hydrangea) with autumn colouring
Thrice lobbed wild vine in autumn
Greening with a three lobbed wild vine in winter