Stylistic Eras: Facade Greening Then and Now

When greening a facade, questions of style arise sooner or later: which plants and climbing systems are appropriate? Or vice versa: what can't be done / what does not work at all on my house or building? The answers depend a lot on the age of the building in question. The following sections deal with monument conservation and various stylistic eras up to modern buildings. We provide suggestions and examples, and at the same time, an attempt is made to sketch a history of facade greening (source: Rudi Baumann, "Greened Architecture," Callway 1983). In this next section of Ideas, we"ll address types of greening and the dimensions of a greened wall area.

Façade greened with wisteria, town hall Riesa / Saxony
Facade greened with wisteria, town hall in Riesa / Saxony

Monument Protection

Greening old and historic houses, buildings


Earliest traces of facade greening

Romanesque & Gothic

Middle Ages: circa 800 - 1500 

Renaissance & Baroque

circa 1500 - 1770


circa 1770 - 1840


circa 1850 - 1914

The Garden City Movement

circa 1900 - 1940

New/Modern Construction

"Bauhaus" style from circa 1920

The Environmental Movement

Urban greening, from circa 1970