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Wire Frames

Wire frameworks are a classic, a million times over approved system for growing fruit, and with their stainless steel cables also essential in the garden. They are suitable for grapevines, raspberries, blackberries or trellis fruit. Here you can learn which variants there are and how you can modify wire frameworks up to your pergola. You can buy two ready-made kits at FassadenGrün under cable system 0050.

Attachment with braces

Steel cable between two stone steles in a garden

Measures:

Wire frameworks in the vineyard are often more than 50 meters long. Because of the wind, they are exposed to great stresses and tend to be worn out and sag. This may be a visual defect but not a functional one. In professional fruit plant enclosures the wires then usually remain limp or are tightened only once every few years. Short wire frames are usually used with 2 -3 supports in the house garden, for this FassadenGrün offers the cable system 0050, with noble quality steel cable.

single and double wire

Wire frames in vineyards often have 2 wires, so called "Double wires" on each level. In addition, there are clever spacers, which keep the wires apart. All of this is to make fastening the vines to the wire frame easier. This isn't necessary for private use.

Fitting Climbing Plants:

The home garden ideal for espalier fruit. For grapes, raspberries and blackberries, but then often only with wire instead of rope and with more than four horizontal wires. Usually also with double wire on each of the buildings floor. The inclined stay cables are optionally available for an additional greening, for example with annual climbing plants.

Little vineyard with wire frameworks
Wire frame in viticulture, small vineyard in Taucha / Saxony
Stainless steel cable instead of single strand wire his proven for small but representative plants in the house garden.
Stainless steel wire rope and accessories
Simplest wire frame

Wire frame with simple design here rot-proof and tipped stakes are buried or, easier, beaten with a hand hammer (pile driver) into the ground (life span approx. about 10 - 25 years), the wires or ropes hanging slack, because in tensioned wires there are high loads that the want to pull the lateral poles inwards. The stakes should therefore be set at the beginning somewhat obliquely outwards or better, stiffened by one of the three identified options below.

Espalier for Raspberries

Double trellis for raspberries as an example of wire frameworks of the simplest construction, without any reinforcement or support of the posts and therefore with relatively limp wires. Here are the three additional reinforcements describing the following variants:

- Rigging (standard solution)

- Stakes

- Transverse beam

 

Wire frame with ground spikes

It is recommended to set into the soil galvanized impact goosenecks and to put the posts into them. In this way less resistant wood can be used, and also with resistant wood the endurance of the structure is increased.

Alignment with water level

Aligning the height of all posts best happens when using one of the middle posts. If each one is entered at the same height, the drill holes for staple nails or continuous wire-cables are drawn and finished at each similarly.

Hammering down a post with a hand rammer

Driving in a stake by means of a pile driver or hammer. Such a device can be easily borrowed or rented in wine or fruit-growing regions or at building supplies and hardware stores. Every 2 or 3 hits the desired alignment on a vertical is controlled with a level and if necessary corrected.

Bolt position on post

The sloping stakes are cut on a miter as exactly as possible and screwed in to the final posts of Robinia. Galvanized carriage bolts were employed instead of high-grade steel here in a vineyard. Nevertheless, the aggressive Robinia wood already dissolves the galvanized bolt, recognizably in the discoloration.

Reinforcement by Means of Tensioning

tensioning with wire rope

Usually the final stakes are braced diagonally to the rear in the soil. In the vineyards, in addition, heavy stones would be buried in the soil and to it a wire fastened, which causes the strengthened support.

The braces are not quite set on top but at approx. 2/3 to the stake height to prevent bending the posts in the direction of the the tension wires or stainless steel cables.

 

Double-wires on a espalier construction

Vertical end post of a row of vines, supported with bracing and doubled wires.

Slanted end posts at a vineyard

Crooked end posts in a small winter vineyard, Robinia strains (whole, half or quartered) with almost vertical bracing.

Slanted wire rope fixation

With a diagonal position of the final stakes the bracing can be brought more perpendicularly to the soil. This arrangement is applied mostly in the vineyards, to win the last few inches in a row of vines who are still making the fruits 'leafy wall' or canopy.

Tensioner after an earth anchor

The screwing tension adjusters of the anchoring wires are hooked directly into the ground anchors.

Tensioning of growing cable

Special case horizontal bracing. The wall eyes necessary for it must be bonded with compound mortar conical, plastic pegs are not sufficient for such load cases.

Earth anchor

FassadenGrün recommends these ground anchors for a correct tension. It should be screwed into the soil and can take loads of several hundred kilograms, 

Wire frame system

The system 0050 is also useful when a border garage wall of the neighbor may not be "bored (drilled) into". Used here are darkly glazed wooden posts in metal ground spikes and on top of the post commercial zinc-plated cover caps have been added. The bracing of a the side (in the photo above right) took place with a horizontal stainless steel rope and a level. Another example can be seen below in a photo.

Reinforcement by Means of a Stake

Posts supported from the inner side

Alternatively to the above described staking out, a second option is possible. Also support poles - again for example- Robinia - dug  and set on a stable pressure plate. This can be a stone or a brick. the underground below the pressure plate must be compacted or similarly flattened with a ramrod. When installing the poles, they should lean outwards slightly, due to subsequent settling and shifting a bit inwards after time.

Espalier construction for blackberries

Growing aid for blackberries with double wires to staple nails and an additional stake in the middle.

Bracing

Final posts with a sloping stake in a vineyard near Meißen/Saxony, here made of stabile concrete posts. The posts are plugged into scores.

Ground spike

Here is a dark wooden weather proofed post for a vine trellis in a commercially available ground spike. Long sleeves have to be used with a length of 900 mm. (35.43 inches)

Reinforcement by Means of Crossways Bar or Rail

Wire frame with transverse spar

Long before there were wires in the vineyard, the individual posts were connected to each other and stabilized by crossways bars made of wood. This third variant of reinforcement can be of interest in the house garden, particularly for smaller growing aid frames.

Transverse spar with head braces

By means of additional, sloping "head ribbons bonds" another Reinforcement of such wire frameworks is created.

Schematic pergola

If transoms are put above the climbing frame, the so called 'rider' becomes a Pergola. 

Alternative Forms of Cover

Wire frame with vertical wires

A vertical framework makes sense with twiner because they love growing on vertical growing aids. The ropes can be put up simply by drilling into the crossway timbers, slipping the rope through the holes and fastening the ropes with clamping rings on the other side.

Wire frame with Hops

Hops at vertical stainless steel cables

Blomming Beans

Also beans need vertical growing aids.

Wire in fan form

A fanlike covering looks particularly charming.

Wire spanning on a growing frame

Combination of horizontal and compartments in a growing frame

Wire rope fans crossing one another

Here one can see the intersection of many cables developing a dense growth braid. In the middle below there is a ground anchor. Eyebolts WH 06060 or low-cost Staples nails KN 04055 are screwed into the frame of the wood. A cable can also be carried by multiple eyelets (3 or 4), so that ultimately less cable clamps are required.

Fanned wire ropes

For the redirection of the wires ropes, the representative element WH 06061 was used here.

Mesh of wire rope

Growing aid made of soft wire-cable over-crossing or threading. Thin stainless steel wires are fundamentally "softer", more flexible for shorter distances, and can be led in forms with corners easier. With harder wire, kinking and threading eye bolts can be difficult as well as threading wires as mentioned above.

Through-hole fixing of a eyelet

For heavy-duty eyelets (many needed for a certain tension) we recommend the eyebolt WM 08080.

Further Technical Details

Wire frame with intermediate post

Intermediate stakes: Starting from lengths of approx. 4 m (13.1234 feet) stakes should be set in the distance from each other 4 - 5 m, with additional stakes with wire frameworks. In the vineyard long lines with 80 to 100 m length are formed also in this way. 

Intermediate post and wire rope

Stainless steel cables should be pulled through intermediate posts and fixed with locking rings.

Growing aid of wire rope

It is often good to stretch a pair of wires, ("double wire") horizontally instead of just one individual wire. Shoots of growing plants can not only affix but also slip in between the 2 wires. The wires should be tensioned sequentially from top to bottom.

Steel post for framework

Steel posts are often used, here one middle-post of a row of vines. In commercial vineyards inexpensive galvanized and aluminum posts are often used.

High posts of a growth construction

Plants with system 8050 can be susceptible to lateral wind pressure when they are straight up in open weather situations and full with vegetation. In any case of doubt, use longer ground cases (goosenecks), shorter height, less rope tension or double, diagonally offset bracing at the ends.

Zinc die-cast wire tensioner

FassadenGrün recommends and sells this wire tension adjuster which is put on afterwards without cutting the wire. It is on taut or floppy wires (partly also on wire of 3 mms)-(0.11 inches) and can be finely post stretched any time with an open end spanner (wrench).