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Wall Greening

Free-standing walls, wall panels, retaining walls etc. do lend themselves to wall greening! Object greening, however, requires tackling it a little differently than the classic "building greening" as such. This begins with the question of whether the wall coping is greened or not, and whether the green up shall be overhanging. On this page, we show examples for the greening of walls, beginning with historical garden walls up to modern, and noise barriers supports. You can find supplementary information also under supporting walls as well as dry walls and gabion.

Wild vine on a church in Wanen / Sachsen Anhalt

Greening with Self Climbing Plants

Often at walls 'self clinging climbers' are set like Boston Ivy and English Ivy, with which climbing assistance is unnecessary. The wall crest must deflect all precipitation, so that no water from above can penetrate. All joints should be closed, so that the impulses of the plants mentioned cannot penetrate there. Climbing Hydrangea and climbing Spindle are also suitable and less "aggressive".

Genuine Grapevine on a wall
Garden wall with Grapvine
Wall partially greened with Ivy, baroque castle garden Delitzsch / Saxony
Evergreen plant, possibly Boxtree
Greened masonry, probably Boxtree
Overhanging Ivy
Wall greened with Ivy

"Green walls" with Trellis Fruit

This is the classic type of the wall greening! Many plants love the stored warmth of a protective wall in cooler areas of Central Europe. In this sense, walls were already earlier profitably planted with trellis fruit. As in the time of Baroque, even wall gardens were laid out extra with "Talut Walls" to produce trellis fruits. Horizontal wires were used next to wooden trellises - the system 8010 arose out of such constructions.

Greening of an old Talut wall with grapevines
Greening of an old talut wall with Grapevines, Radebeul / Saxony
Trellis vine at an old garden wall, proliferation in spring
Old espalier wall with Grapevines in Markwerben / Saale / Saxony-Anhalt
Peach and others trellis fruit on three horizontal wire-cables
Peach and other trellis fruit on three horizontal wire-cables
Shoots on horizontal wires, proliferation
Espalier wall with Vines on horizontal wires
Old garden with trellis walls
Old fruit garden with trellis walls similar to an all-round courtyard greening, Potsdam / Brandenburg
Tomatoes in planting pails
Tomato espalier on a wall
A "green wall" thanks to many vines on wooden trellises
A green wall thanks to many Grapevines on Wooden trellises, Dornburger Schlösser / Thuringia

Climbing support systems on Walls

Growing structures are required for almost all plants apart from Ivy and Boston Ivy. The cable systems of FassadenGrün also cover application cases to walls, e.g. with the ribbon-like basic forms 8010 and 8020. When necessary, several cable systems are grouped next to each other.

When fixating in natural stone masonry or brick, keep a 20 cm distance to the edges to prevent cracking. More details are on the instruction card 'drilling work for climbing assistance'. Even in the scope of 25 – 40 cm on such walls, mounting should be done 'expansion pessure-free', so no dowels. Instead, use mortar.

Thicket Creeper, proliferation, growing net from wire netting
Thicket Creeper on a growing grid of wire mesh
Clematis on cable system 5050
Wall greening with clematis on wire rope
Clematis on vertical projecting wires on a wall, growing cables in accordance with system 4010.
Climbing support cables for Clematis
Fruit on Wire rope system 8010
Cables analogous to system 8020
Zigzag cable arrangement
Climbing Hydrangea on system similiar to 1020
Margin area with cracked masonry, p. text.
Crack due to to much pressure of wall mount in walls edge area
Clematis on system 6060.
Wall greening with Clematis
Vines in fan form, horizontal steel bars in wall eyes stress the horizontal (horizontal cables near the street space are prone to vandalism because of the ladder effect)-people climbing up...
Green wall

Modern Age, "Technical" Walls

Such walls - most made of concrete or concrete precast segments - are able to be greened well because the attachment of  growing aids is simpler than for historical walls. This concerns both the very stable margin areas and the missing joints which cause problems for old walls from time to time. On high noise barriers an extensive greening is often demanded on these components for a more tolerable view or town landscape. It is always necessary to find an optimum between all requirements. When all factors like a fast wall growth coverage, evergreen vegetation growth, low human care , low water requirement, cheap growing aid (or none at all) cannot be reconciled, there are priorities to be met. The planting then is influenced by these factors. There are even scientific studies and long-term tests for the object greening of soundproofing walls. Please note the information under supporting walls as well as dry walls and Gabion.

Property wall made of pre-fab concrete, modified cable systems 1060, heavy kit.
Greened wall with horizontal cables
Evergreen Honeysuckle, system 5010, object greening of a concrete wall.
Object greening of a protruding wall slab with Evergreen Honeysuckle
Ivy on cable-system 8050.
Growing aid for Ivy
Premium version: greening of a 6 m high noise barrier with ivy. On cable, in accord to system 8030.
Greening of a noise barrier with Ivy
Ivy, cable-system for putting and lacing in. Similar to system 5030.
Growing aid for Ivy
Grapevines d. buildup. Support wall made of “L” elements, system 8010.
Noise barrier wall with Boston Ivy (self-climbing – s. above).
Greened noise barrier
More affordable than cable on noise barriers, are galvanized grid systems.
Wire frame for noise barrier
Support wall made of concrete with a climbing system similar to 5030.
Supporting wall of concrete with Growing aid
A noise barrier greened with water demanding hydrangea on its shady side.
Noise barrier fence greened with Hydrangea
Greening of a noise barrier with vertical climbing cable and Wisteria spindles.
Support wall greening