The Virginia Creeper is a healthy and strong self-clinging vine that is well-known for its beautiful leaf form and autumn colouring. The species originates from North America and is amongst the most popular climbing plants.
Parthenocissus quinquefolia "Engelmannii" (American Ivy, Five Leaved Ivy)
Sunny (full sun) to (semi-)shaded location; will develop more beautiful autumn colours in the sun. Distance between plants: 3 - 6 metres.
This vine climbs both with tendrils (stem tendril climber) and adhesive pads (self climber), has vigorous growth (up to 25 m high) and an annual shoot growth of 1 - 3 metres, often cascading. Has young reddish stems and leaves that are large, strong, smooth, or filigree ("Engelmannii"). Exceptionally healthy foliage, and extremely frost-hardy; foliage from May to October with intense autumn colour! Climbs with short tendrils, at the ends of which adhesive discs form (strong adhesion to any surface). The inconspicuous green-yellow flowers in early summer are followed by blue-black berries on red stems. They are a beloved food for birds, who then leave their bright blue 'droppings.' Summer and winter prune as needed to restrain the vigorous growth habit (can cause building/structural damage...) The plants are very easily shaped into any form. but the wild variety doesn't adhere well to walls and facades at all and is not particularly suited for building greening.
Note: Often the closely related P.inserta (thicket creeper or 'false virginia creeper'), which does *not* stick to walls, is available under the name of P. quinquefolia. Also, there is a wild species of Parthenocissus quinefolia (not Engelmannii) which is strong in growth, has coarser and darker foliage and minimal adhesion capacity. It is rather insignificant for facade greening.
Additional support to attach the plant and to prevent collapsing is recommended. In some cases and especially on wind-exposed walls where risk of collapse is higher, wire rope systems (see below) like the basic kit may be required. For very tall walls, a support system like our medium classic kit may be needed. See the table below for compatible systems.