(American Ivy, Five Leaved Ivy)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia "Engelmannii"
The Virginia Creeper is a moderate to good self-clinging vine and is well-known for its beautiful leaf form and autumn colouring. The species originates from North America and is amongst the most popular climbing plants.
Sunny (full sun) to (semi-)shaded position, will develop more beautiful autumn colours in the sun.
A vine that has both tendrils and adhesive pads, vigorous growth, yearly shoot growth 1 - 3 metres, often cascading. Depending on variety, reddish young shoots and large, strong, smooth or filigree leaves ("Engelmannii"). Often the closely related P. inserta is available under the name of P. quinquefolia, which does not stick to walls. Exceptionally healthy foliage, and extremely frost hardy. Foliage from May to October. Intense autumn colour! Can cause building damages.
Flower and Fruit
The inconspicuous green-yellow flowers in early summer are followed by blue-black berries on decorative red stalks. They are a favourite bird food, resulting in strongly staining faeces.
Summer and winter pruning as needed, to restrain the vigorous growth habit. The plants are very easily shaped into any form.
Additional support to attach plant and to prevent collapsing is recommended. However, in some cases and especially on wind-exposed walls, rope systems (see below) as Easy or Medium Support Systems to prevent collapsing may be required. In cases of very tall walls, Heavy or even Massive wire rope systems may be required.