The highly effective vineyard training techniques are also applicable for small rows of vines in the garden, for fences and for freestanding espaliers. Especially noteworthy about vineyard training is the fact that usually the vines are trained with short trunks; that is, no elaborate stem framework is developed as is common in other training techniques.
In bygone times, every wine-growing region had its own typical training techniques. Vines were either grown as shrubs without any growth supports, or tied to wooden frames. Around 1900 the "Rhine-Hessian Training" became firmly established, a post and wire system using several horizontal parallel wires superimposed upon each other ("wire frame").
The vines are arranged in rows with the plants usually spaced at approx. 1.5m centres (for 2 canes per vine) or 0.8m (for 1 cane per vine). The trellis area, ie the space between the top and bottom wires, should be approx. 1m high, for smaller layouts in the garden min. 70cm.
The type and construction of the Wire Frames depends among other things on the selected training method, and, for larger sites, requires professional advice. For small plantings the wire rope system 0050 is useful.
Selecting the correct training method is best done with professional advice. As an example, the bilateral cane training method as from the 2nd year is illustrated here. Please use also the information under 1st Year.