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Small Espaliers and Espalier "Ribbons" / Continuous Espaliers

The Vineyard training technique is also suitable for grapevines along murals and walls. Especially small espaliers can be established using this technique, as well as continuous espaliers or espalier "ribbons" of any height. By planting several vines, a designated greening area will be covered very quickly. This, and the fact that vineyard training is so easy to manage, makes this technique preferred over the Horizontal Cordon.

Spatial Requirements

Horizontal espalier ribbons require an espalier height of 0.7m - 1.2m, ie the distance between the lowest and highest wire should be at least 70cm. For aesthetic reasons, it is recommended to keep a minimal distance of 25 - 40 cm to house corners, windows, doors and other wall openings (refer to Planning Tips). A vine with bilateral canes requires a width of approx. 1.5m, with a unilateral cane a width of approx. 0.8m.  For a cane bent and tied into a circle ("Circular Cane," see below), the espalier width can be as narrow as 50 cm.

Trellis Systems

Small or narrow, ribbon-like espaliers, for suitable wire rope systems refer to Grapevines.

Training and Pruning

As illustrated in vineyard training, for the usual bilateral arched canes 3 espalier wires are sufficient. For tall espaliers, the vertical main trunk is trained to the desired height; if growth is rather weak, this training period is extended by another year. For very small or narrow spaces, only one lateral cane is developed and tied as Circular Cane (see below).

Several vines, loosely connected to form an espalier "ribbon"
Espalier ribbon
The same espalier "ribbon" as above, before winter pruning, trellis system as per System 3050.
Weinberg Erziehung
After winter pruning, 2 lateral, slightly arched canes ("Flachbogen", see photo below).
Vineyard house
Young vine with 2 canes and replacement spur. Detail to image above.
Detail of winter pruning
Older vine without replacement spurs. Detail to image above.
Detail of winter pruning
Vine with vineyard training, bilateral slightly arched canes ("Flachbogen"), trellis as per
Vineyard-trained
Detail of picture upper left, grape harvest with hit yield
Grape harvest on an espalier
Grapevine on 3 horizontal wires as per System 1020. For widths less than 1.5m, only one lateral cane is developed.
Cultivating vine on houses
Vines with medium height trunks, on two horizontal wires as per System 1060, bilateral slightly arched canes ("Curved cut")
Curved cut, vine
On timber trellises the canes can be bent into a semi-circle; here several vines trained as semi-circles.
Guyot-Training, grapevine
Small espaliers with vertical or horizontal wires.
Grapevines on small espaliers
Vine with vineyard training, bilateral slightly arched canes ("Flachbogen"), trellis as per 8010.
Espalier grape vine
Young vine, bud burst in spring, on a narrow espalier with just one lateral cane. To the right below, a replacement spur on the head of the vine.
Trellis at a wall basis
For very narrow espaliers of approx. 50 cm width, a single lateral cane is tied as a circle.
Small espalier
Circular Cane ("Ganzbogen"): A cane trained into a circle on a very narrow trellis after pruning, bending and tying. The staggered heights of the buds ensure that the grapes are better distributed vertically and don't press against each other.
Circular Cane Training
Semi-circular canes can be tied to horizontal wires as long as there are more than 3 - 4 wires available.
Greening area for vine