The Vineyard training technique is also suitable for grapevines along murals and walls. Especially small espaliers can be established using this technique, as well as continuous espaliers or espalier "ribbons" of any height. By planting several vines, a designated greening area will be covered very quickly. This, and the fact that vineyard training is so easy to manage, makes this technique preferred over the Horizontal Cordon.
Horizontal espalier ribbons require an espalier height of 0.7m - 1.2m, ie the distance between the lowest and highest wire should be at least 70cm. For aesthetic reasons, it is recommended to keep a minimal distance of 25 - 40 cm to house corners, windows, doors and other wall openings (refer to Planning Tips). A vine with bilateral canes requires a width of approx. 1.5m, with a unilateral cane a width of approx. 0.8m. For a cane bent and tied into a circle ("Circular Cane," see below), the espalier width can be as narrow as 50 cm.
Small or narrow, ribbon-like espaliers, for suitable wire rope systems refer to Grapevines.
As illustrated in vineyard training, for the usual bilateral arched canes 3 espalier wires are sufficient. For tall espaliers, the vertical main trunk is trained to the desired height; if growth is rather weak, this training period is extended by another year. For very small or narrow spaces, only one lateral cane is developed and tied as Circular Cane (see below).