The scarlet firethorn is a thorny shrub and not a climbing plant, but it can be espaliered on a façade. It is very ornamental with its white flowers and red berries. It may be planted as a bush to protect the base of a facade or wall against graffiti or it can be trained to an orderly shape with a trellis.
Latin: pyracantha coccinea
Scarlet Firethorn needs a sunny (full sun) location, or at least a position where it gets full daylight. Can live in full or semi-shade but then produces fewer or hardly any flowers and fruit. Needs nutrient-rich and moist soils with good water retention. Distance between two plants: 2.5 - 4 metres.
Two cultivars are not available at the moment.
This is a rambler, seldom higher than 4 metres with hanging shoots, that is often grown as a formed/shaped tree. Thorny and evergreen. Has white flowers in June, and- depending not the cultivar-yellow, orange or red berries in winter which will be greatly appreciated by birds. Pruning in winter will promote branching. Firethorn is subject to fireblight. Firethorn seeds are slightly poisonous.