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Scarlet Firethorn

The scarlet firethorn is a thorny shrub and not a climbing plant, but it can be espaliered on a façade. It is very ornamental with its white flowers and red berries. It may be planted as a bush to protect the base of a facade or wall against graffiti or it can be trained to an orderly shape with a trellis.

Latin: pyracantha coccinea

Firethorn "Orange Glow" with berry jewels

Requirements / Price

Scarlet Firethorn needs a sunny (full sun) location, or at least a position where it gets full daylight. Can live in full or semi-shade but then produces fewer or hardly any flowers and fruit. Needs nutrient-rich and moist soils with good water retention. Distance between two plants: 2.5 - 4 metres.

Two cultivars are not available at the moment.

  •  "Orange Glow" 
  • "Red Column" 

Characteristics and Pruning

This is a rambler, seldom higher than 4 metres with hanging shoots, that is often grown as a formed/shaped tree. Thorny and evergreen. Has white flowers in June, and- depending not the cultivar-yellow, orange or red berries in winter which will be greatly appreciated by birds. Pruning in winter will promote branching. Firethorn is subject to fireblight. Firethorn seeds are slightly poisonous.

Climbing Aids on Facades

Rods, grids, or wire rope trellises with a large grid spacing to hold the trunk and bind shoots. Refer to the table of suitable trellis designs at the bottom of the page; choose one from the medium or easy range.

Suitable wire rope trellises?

Click on the picture to see the table of all suitable trellis designs.

Façade Greening with Scarlet Firethorn

Firethorn is a shrub, but it can be given a flat shape on a façade, as you can see in this gallery...

Development of greenery with a scarlet firethorn
Firethorn, point greening with a trellis system 1010 with an ivy to the right
Small firethorn on a façade
Firethorn pyracantha on a building
Two dense firethorn bushes
Firethorn as a façade plant
"Orderly" building greening with firethorn
Small wall trellis with a flowering firethorn
Flowering firethorn
Pyracantha as a small climbing shrub
Dense firethorn bush growing away from the wall
Firethorn bush used as protection against graffiti
Firthorn used as protection against graffiti
Firethorn next to a door
Two small climbing shrubs (pyracantha) on a facade
Small 'greened' house
Small wall greening with pyracantha
 

Botanical Features

Scarlet firethorn through the seasons...

Scarlet firethorn flowers
Firethorn, probably "Orange Glow," over a garage entryway
Splendid berries!
Firethorn with fruit, probably the cultiver "Red Column"
Scarlet firethorn with coloured leaves after a long winter

Suitable Wire Rope Trellises for a Firethorn

Please click on the graphics for details!

 = suitable             = sometimes  suitable      = not suitable