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Scarlet Firethorn

The scarlet firethorn is a thorny shrub and not a climbing plant, but it can be espaliered on a façade. It is very ornamental with its white flowers and red berries. It may be planted as a bush to protect the base of a facade or wall against graffiti or trained to an orderly shape with a trellis.

Latin: pyracantha coccinea

Firethorn "Orange Glow" with berry jewels

Needs / Price

Sunny (full sun) or at least full daylight position, however, in semi-shade or full shade produces less or hardly any flowers and fruit. Nutrient-rich and moist soils with good water retention. Distance between two plants: 2.5 - 4 meters. Two cultivars are not available at the moment.

  •  "Orange Glow" 
  • "Red Column" 

Characteristics and pruning

Rambler, seldom higher than 4 meters with hanging shoots, that is often grown as a formed tree. Thorny and evergreen. White flowers in June and yellow, orange or red berries in winter depending on the cultivar that will be greatly appreciated by birds. Pruning in winter will promote ramification. Firethorn is subject to fireblight. Firethorn seeds are slightly poisonous.

Growing aids on facades

Rods, grids or wire rope trellises with a large mesh to hold the trunk and bind shoots. Choose a trellis in the table of suitable trellis designs at the bottom of the page, and use the Medium or Simple ranges.

Suitable wire rope trellises?

Click on the picture to jump to the table of all suitable trellis designs.

Façade greening with scarlet firethorn

Firethorn is a shrub, but it can be given a flat shape on a façade, as you can see in this gallery.

Development of greenery with a scarlet firethorn
Firethorn, point greening with a trellis system 1010 with an ivy to the right
Small firethorn on a façade
Firethorn pyracantha on a building
Two dense firethorn bushes
Firethorn as a façade plant
"Orderly" building greening with firethorn
Small wall trellis with a flowering firethorn
Flowering firethorn
Pyracantha as a small climbing shrub
Dense firethorn bush growing away from the wall
Firethorn bush used as protection against graffiti
Firthorn used as protection against graffiti
Firethorn next to a door
Two small climbing shrubs (pyracantha) on a facade
Small greened up building
Small wall greening with pyracantha


Scarlet firethorn through the seasons

Scarlet firethorns flowers
Firethorn, probably "Orange Glow", over a garage entryway
Splendid berries
Firethorn with fruit, probably the cultiver "Red Column"
Scarlet firethorn with colored leaves after a long winter

Suitable wire trellises for a firethorn

Click on the pictures for more information on each trellis

 = suitable             = sometimes  suitable      = not suitable