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Greening of a Pergola

Pergolas are space-building elements that are greened and provide shade. Most of the time pergolas are heavy, framed constructions made of wood or metal. Often with wooden crossbars or tensioned wire ropes. Stainless steel wire rope is an excellent option for greening up your self made pergola as the examples on this page will show. This includes roofs, sides areas and columns. Please also note the examples for arcades and grapevines. The next section will be about canopies without frames.

Pergola in the parc of the Sanssouci-castle in Potsdam / Brandenburg

Greening the Roof Area of a Pergola

Most often, the roof areas of pergolas are greened like by canopies. However, only climbing plants that can easily grow 3 m and higher are suited. Grapevines are often an option. See "Pergola-Vines". But also Wisteria, Dutchman's Pipe, Clematis montana, Kiwi, Ivy, Evergreen Honeysuckle, Akebia, Roses, Trumpet Vines and wild grapes vines. Ideal are systems that are designed with lengthwise and crosswise axes. In other words, systems that have grid forms with 30 - 50 cm meshes. Smaller meshes like with nets or prefab lattices, need more maintenance because more dead wood and foliage has to be removed. Most pergolas have strong, parallel beams or rafters. Wire rope (d= 3 mm) is threaded through these elements and fastened with clamping ring KL00034. As a solution, FassadenGrün presents the system 0060 in different varieties. If you don't want to drill through the wooden rafters, the alternative would be to use eyelet screws, for example WH 07080, on the outer or inner side of the rafters and beams, along with staples and staple nails. This alternative is analogous to our basic kits.

Greening the roof area of a pergola with grape vine. Crossing cables as the support system
A greening of a pergola. Development of the support system

Greening of the side areas

For privacy reasons, a pergolas sides are often greened, similar to carports. For this, English Ivy or grapevines are planted. The latter usually as vertical cordons, fans, horizontal cordons, or trained in the vineyard style. Accordingly, a variety of different wire rope arrangements (d= 3 mm) are necessary. System 0010, or individually designed systems similar to system 0010 are suited for vertical strands. For systems like 1060, or even 1040, the spaces between most supports are to wide, so that the wire rope would sag. We recommend an additional vertical strand in the middle between the two posts. This wire is fastened in one of the upper beams or purlins with a eylet screw (WH 07080). The horizontal and vertical wires are attached to one another via cross clamps (SK 03012) at the intersecting points. Naturally, many combinations of horizontal and vertical wire ropes are possible. Examples in the photo galleries.

Greening of a side façade with english ivy. Steel wire rope as a climbing support
Pergola with an ivy privacy screen

The greening of Pergola posts

Pergola supports are greened similarly to pillars and columns. For example with annual climbing plants, Clematis-Hybrids, or even roses. The necessary wire rope (d = 3 mm) is installed vertically like with systems 1020 and 1030. Depending on the desired effect (one sided or all-round greening), you need 1 - 4 strands a post. You can use more than one strand a side for rectangular supports with larger surfaces such as with system 4020.

Most of the time, light and basic kits from FassadenGrün suffice. However, medium and heavy kits are often used to provide more wall distance. Massive kits are used for representative and design reasons. The choice of construction style complies with the surface (with pergolas, manly solid wood).

Greening of posts with Clematis-Hybrid on vertical cable
Posts with Clematis-Hybrid

Examples for greened pergolas

A variety of different climbing plants are suited for pergolas. Please click the photos and see. Further, more special examples for grapevines under "pergola training".

High pergola with grapevine. Roman bathes at the castle park Sanssouci / Potsdam / Brandenburg. See the title photo of this page.
Grapevine covered pergola. Abbey Bernburg / Saxony-Anhalt.
The same pergola as the photo before. Grapevine greening at abbey Bernburg / Saxony-Anhalt.
Wine culture on a wooden pergola.
Fruitless grape vine over a beer garden.
Round pergola with Wisteria and small Kiwi in the castle park Sanssouci / Potsdam / Brandenburg.
Pergola greened with wisteria in a nature park "Palmgartenwehr" Leipzig / Saxony.
Pergola made of metal (steel poles) and greened with Akebia. Park in Ralswiek / Rügen / Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.
Wooden pergola with Silver lace vine (Polygonum) as climbing plant.
Small arcade / pergola with grapes
Pergola / arcade with thrice lobbed Boston Ivy.
Modern metal pergola with grapevines.
Arcade with roses in the Dornburger castle / Thuringia.
Modern pergola over a underground parking lot. House entrance and garbage enclosure greened with wisteria and Dutchman's Pipe.
A beer gardens pergola greened with Dutchman's Pipe.
Steel pergola as a "green arbour" with wisteria.
One side of a pergola greened with scarlet runners.
A Garbage enclosure. An ivy covered pergola.
Ivy covered garbage pavilion
Waste bins covered with a greened up pergola - five lobbed wild vine (Parthenocissus quinqefolia).
Russian vine covered waste bin arbour. This photo proves how hard it is to contain Fleece vine.
Small canopy with Dutchman's Pipe.
Dense green roof of Akebia. Steel pipe pavilion over garbage cans.
Densely greened arbour of large leafed Dutchman's Pipe.

Technical details of pergolas roof areas

This part is about pergola rafters and the density of the roof area supplemented with wire rope, so that climbing plants have an ideal surface to hold on to.

This pergola consists of wooden purlins and wire rope rafters
This pergola has heavy purlins and close set rafters. Such a pergola roof can be greened without wire ropes. Here with grapevine.
Grapes on a pergola with close set rafters
A prefab pergola made of metal. This pergolas roof area will be harder to green since the roof bars are rather far apart.
Metal pergola with Wisteria. Such vigorous climbing plants can make do with wider rafter gaps.
Between each strut there is a wire rope which provides the climbing plants more hold.
The pergolas roof is simply made up of the outer frame and a braced middle strut. The cables were arranged in the same axial direction as the middle strut.
An open garden arbour made of round timber and greened with Kiwi. Posts, braces and rafters are all round timber. Wire rope could be fastened in concentric circles to make a greening field for plants.
This green pavilion consists of a round frame and a middle post. The "spokes" are fastened steel cables. Castle park Sanssouci / Potsdam / Brandenburg.
These wine pergolas have crosswise braced rafters so that they build wooden cassettes. lying on top are wire mesh mats. Crete / Greece
Modern pergola made of steel cables
This wooden wine pergola construction is made more compact by adding wire rope similar to our wire rope system 0060.
Tensioned wires over an underground car park. Stainless steel wire ropes analogous to system 0060 - Clematis Montana
This steel pergola on a roof terrace was enhanced with 3 mm steel wire rope and clamp rings KL 00034 analogous to system 0060.
This pergola is to be greened with Wisteria. 3 mm wire rope threaded through the rafters and fastened with clamp rings KL 00034.
This home made pergola is equipped with wire rope threaded in U-forms. (System 0060)
A mix of steel poles (scaffolding poles) and tensioned wire rope make a grapevine pergola.
Steel cables make this pergola more dense and better suited for Clematis Montana.
This arcade with annuals has wire ropes pulled crosswise through the beams
Garbage enclosure with English ivy - locust pergola -. The wire rope was tensioned in a rhombic form.
The pergola construction from the photo from before
Garden pavilion made of steel pipes and wire rope. Akebia under development.
Metal pergola with double-T-profile steel beams. The wooden boarding may need additional reinforcement due to the constructions load an tension.
 

Technical details to side areas and beams

Here you will find examples to what is written above. Greening side areas and walls, and pergola beams. Further, similar photos on the pages carports and columns.

Customary lattices were installed on the side of this garden pergola. Clematis will be the the climbing plant. The top of the pergola has a horizontally installed basic wire rope system 1030.
This arbour pergola has a special looking visage due to the fact that the lattices were individually designed.
This arcade of larch wood has classic wooden espaliers on each side greened with grape vines.
Twining climbing plants (annual scarlet runners) on vertical cords
Wooden construct greened with vertical grapevine cordons on wire rope
Simple wires for grape vine (Winter photo after pruning, vines trained to horizontal cordons)
Plant support system with horizontal wire ropes, eyelet screws WH 06061 and hardwood underlays for wild vines
Horizontal wire ropes in between two posts each with a vertical strand in the middle fastened with cross clamps - for grapevine -
This pergola has horizontal wire ropes fastened with our medium style "classic" mounts for roses
Arcade with Clematis. The wire rope nets are analogous to our system 5050 and are attached to the bottom of the plant containers
A post with two flanking wire ropes in accordance to wire rope system 1030, massive style
A post with two flanking wire ropes in accordance to wire rope system 1030, massive style
Wire mesh pergola with Dutchman's Pipe
Spatial lattice system for Dutchman's Pipe and climbing roses