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Next to grapevine, pear is probably the best-known espalier fruit. Undemanding pear varieties can be espaliered (on sunny walls) in climates where pears wouldn't otherwise thrive, like in high altitudes and colder climates. In milder climates where fruit-growing or even viticulture is practised, you can grow (via walls) pears of excellent quality that would not be available commercially because of the difficulty of storage and transport. If 'winter pears' are chosen to espalier, a cool, damp storage area must also be available for ripening...

Latin: pyrus communis

Winter-pear on a wooden trellis
Winter-pear on a wooden trellis

How to thrive... Where to find...

Pear needs deep, warm soils and walls facing south or west. In the presence of juniper trees (usually the ornamental variety, like in residential urban areas), there is a risk of pear trellis rust. Pear rust is a fungus that uses the juniper as an intermediate host. It limits the assimilation capacity of the affected leaves; while it does not directly afflict the fruit, it is aesthetically speaking, a deathblow for a trellised pear. Already pruned pear espalier trees are available at local nurseries or by mail order online.

Characteristics and Pruning

When cultivated on an espalier, pear is treated as a shapeable tree (all espaliered fruit is classified as such). Pears are not self-fertilising, so it is important to have fertile varieties that flower simultaneously and within 200 metres. The presence of simultaneously-flowering pollinator varieties in the neighborhood (at least within 200 meters) is therefore important. Look online to find which cultivars are suitable as pollinators ("pollen dispensers") for a given pear cultivar. This is especially important outside of arboriculture areas. Consider also the different flowering times of various cultivars: a fruit tree espaliered on a facade or wall will flower sooner than a tree planted in the 'open.' To reduce the risk of incompatibility, it is best to plant several different types.

Pruning is also carried out on a cultivar-specific basis. Information is relatively accessible ~ available in specialized guides or online, and describes very precisely where the cultivar will bear fruit and how it must be pruned. When purchasing a tree, care must be taken that it has been grafted correctly and that it is specifically sold as an espalier tree. Some tree nurseries even provide trees with a double graft so that fertilisation is assured (that is, that allow the flowers of the same plant to pollinate each other).

Climbing Supports on the Facade

See the table below for all suitable trellis shapes (wire rope systems). For an optimal distance between the tree and the facade, choose a trellis in our heavy or massive range; a system in the middle or easy ranges is also possible. Pear espalier trees can be grown on a wooden trellis. For planted in a row (so, free-standing), use a 0050 trellis.


Pear trees can easily be pruned into various shapes with the support of climbing aids~ either in several horizontal tiers, in a vertical U shape, or in angled palmettes. To make maintenance and training easier, there was a trend starting around 1950 to move away from strict palmette shapes to more free-form natural fan shapes. For the last two decades, however, nurseries have been providing pruned and formed trees at affordable prices, which has led to a revival of the stricter (traditional) espalier shapes. The axes of the cable system must then be adapted to that of the pre-trained tree. Free (fan) shapes require simpler trellises.


Pear needs a support, as described on the general page for espaliered fruit trees, with about 35-40 cm between the main axes. With square-meshed cable systems, you may have to modify the arrangement of the axes accordingly during assembly.


Suitable wire rope trellises

Click on the image to find a suitable facade trellis design.

Small pear trees
Espalier pear on a protected historical building
Espalier fruit grown on the facade of an old half-timbered house - the cultivar is probably "Josephine von Mecheln," Kohren-Salis / Saxe
Pear espalier tree on a wire rope trellis, before the harvest

Training forms and climbing systems

This gallery details the training forms, pruning, and compatible trellises for pear espaliers.

Simple "U" shape on a grapevine trellis with horizontal wires
Vertical branches - pear tree with double "U" shaped branches - horizontal wires and cables (similar to wire rope trellis 8010)
Pear tree as a horizontal or vertical espalier fruit tree
Six-armed Verrier Palmette on a horizontal wire rope trellis
In earlier times espalier structures were built by tensioning horizontal wires between bamboo sticks.
Flowering espalier tree pruned to an irregular fan shape; historical picture.
So it begins: Planting a pear tree grafted for espalier cultivation (with protection against rabbits).
Six years later: the pear (to the left) has been bound with a wire rope trellis system from FassadenGrün, pruned to a "free shape," and is overflowing with fruit; situated next to two other trees.
Small pear espalier pruned to a vertical shape
Pear tree trained with a single vertical axis, winter photo
Pear espalier tree trained to a "U" shape and bound to a wire rope trellis in our "heavy" design
This espalier pear is horizontally trained.
Espalier pear tree pruned to a mainly horizontal shape on a 1030 wire rope trellis
Espalier tree on a horizontal wire rope trellis from our medium "classic" range of trellises
Espalier tree with a high trunk, trained by a tree nursery into a horizontal fan shape
Large pear espalier tree in a free form, Kohren-Salis / Saxony
The same fruit tree espalier in spring during flowering

Pears as espalier trees

Even trees that are perfectly (geometrically) formed often 'do their own thing' in later years. Here you can see examples of decades-old espalier trees...

Old espalier pear pruned to a fan-shape, Ludwigsstadt / Bayern
Pear espalier with three trees
Pear espalier
Very old espaliered pear in a free fan shape in the front yard of Castle Dornburg / Thuringia
Pear as espalier fruit, Piesteritz / Saxony-Anhalt
Wall greened with a pear espalier, Rochlitz / Saxony
This espaliered pear has been grown so as to reach up to the electrical wiring.
Two pear espalier trees with autumn foliage
Old pear espalier in winter (see summer photo on this page), Kohren-Salis / Saxony
These four house pears are grown on our 1010 wire rope trellis on a facade.
Who wouldn't want to dwell here in the soothing shade for a while? This pear was originally grown as an espalier, but lost its shape due to poor grafting and has grown to a full tree.
This pear has not been grafted and has lost its shape, developing a large trunk.

Wire rope trellises for pear trees

Please click on the graphics to see a detailed view of each design!

= suitable       = sometimes suitable     = not suitable