Grapevines add a southern flair to a garden, but they require more maintenance than other plants. In this section and under Grape Varieties, Training and Pruning you find comprehensive information about growing grapevines along walls, façades or in the garden. You can select trellis systems, compare table grape varieties and study suitable training techniques.
A climber with tendrils, vigorous growth, yearly new shoots 1 - 4m, sometimes trailing like a bridal train. Leaf shapes often filigree. Foliage from April/May to October.
Flower and Fruit
Flower insignificant, panicled. Fruit green, yellow, red or blue to black, grapes and berries of varying sizes.
Formative pruning of the vine takes several years ("Training"). Pruning in winter an absolute necessity, additional summer pruning may be required.
Rods, grids, wires or wire ropes, especially for tying the vine trunks. Se below for suitable wire rope systems. Usually Medium trellis systems, for larger areas and for old varieties and grapevines susceptible to fungus, Heavy Kits (greater distance from wall). In exceptional cases also Light Kits.
For espaliers along walls it is important that the stem framework of the vine is tied to the outside of the trellis. Yearly fruiting canes which are later pruned off get tucked behind the trellis.
This gallery shows leaves, flowers, fruits and autumn coloring and phenotype in winter as well as budding in spring. Please also use the information given on "grape varieties"!