Grapevines are actually part of the "espalier fruit" family and traditionally play a major role in the greening of facades. Due to the abundance of information, grapevines are treated separately at FassadeGrün: here you will find extensive information on grapevines-- for the house and in the garden. You can select climbing (trellis) systems, compare table grapes, learn how to prune and how to recognize diseases. FassadenGrün sells several grapevine varieties.
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(also called "grape wine," Latin: Vitis vinifera)
Position in full sun, preferably protected from strong winds. Distance between vine stocks: 0.8 - 5 metres.
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The grapevine is a stem- tendril climbing plant that grows upwards with vigorous overhanging (cascading) growth-- new shoots may grow 1 - 4 metres every year. It is usually cultivated as a shaped shrub with a growth height of 10 metres or more, depending on the pruning technique. Leaves are beautiful and heart/lobe-shaped. Foliage lasts from April/May to October. The flower, with its panicle, is relatively discreet. Fruit (grapes) are green, yellow, red, or blue to blue-black with different berry and cluster sizes, depending on the variety. The stock is built up over several years (grapevine training). Pruning in winter is essential, and additional summer pruning may be necessary. While grapevine is quite susceptible to fungal diseases, newer varieties are more resistant than historical ones. For purely ornamental purposes, there are grape-free grapevines.
The grapevine can be trellised on a stake, rod, stainless steel cable system, or on a wooden trellis. For suitable wire rope system designs, see below. We recommend a medium version, but for larger/higher areas and fungus-sensitive, historical varieties-- choose a trellis in the heavy / massive design (they have increased wall distance). In exceptional cases, lighter systems -- the easy kits-- basic and basic-s -- or even light kits may be sufficient. Important for wall espaliers: the main shoots of the vines (i.e. the branches), which become thicker, should be tied to the front of the trellis; fruit-bearing annual shoots, which will be cut off later in winter, can be tucked behind the trellis.
Here you can see grapevine leaves, flowers, fruit... autumn colouring, appearance in winter, and budding in spring. Please also refer to "grape varieties" for more information.