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General Information on Grapevines

Grape vines are actually part of the "trellis fruit" and traditionally play a major role in the greening of facades. Due to the abundance of information, grape vines are treated separately at FassadeGrün: Here you will find extensive information on "wine at home and in the garden"! You can select vine systems, compare table grapes, learn how to prune and how to recognize diseases. FassadenGrün also sells several varieties.

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(also called "grape wine", Latin: Vitis vinifera)

Grapevines on a wall

Requirements / Price

Position in full sun, preferably protected from prevailing winds. Distance between vine stocks: 0,8 to 5 meters.

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Characteristics and Pruning

Tendril climbing plant, strong growth, new shoots may grow 1 - 4 m every year. Grapevine is usually cultivated as shaped shrubs with growth height of 10 meters and more, depending on the pruning technique. Leaves are beautiful and filigree. The foliage lasts from April/May to October. Flowers are panicle-shaped. Fruits come in many colors depending on the variety with green, yellow, red or blue to blue-black with different berry and grape sizes. The stock is built up over several years ("Vine stock development"). Pruning is obligatory in winter, and additional summer pruning may be necessary. The plant is very susceptible to fungal diseases. Newer varieties are more resistant than historical ones. For decorative purposes, there are grape-free vines.

Climbing Plant Support System

Rods, grids, wires or ropes can be used for attaching the trunk on a facade.
For suitable wire rope system designs see below. The medium range is a good choice, for larger areas and fungus-sensitive, historical varieties chose a trellis in the heavy range / massive range (increased wall distance). In exceptional cases simple "Basic" and "Basic-S" or even light kits may be sufficient. For espaliers along walls it is important that the stem framework of the vine is tied to the outside of the trellis. Yearly fruiting canes, which are later pruned off, get tucked behind the trellis.

Appropriate wire rope systems?

Please click the icon for showing the full suitability chart

Grapevines trained with tall trunks on a wire espalier. No unauthorised snacking here!
Greenery with vertical cordon trained grape vines
Not only children are attracted to grapes on a façade!
Wire espalier with vines

Greening with grape vines

This picture gallery shows other greened walls/buildings; many more pictures can be found in the section "Grapevine training".

Old grapevine espaliers
Wooden trellis for grape vines
Two vine stocks on a house in "spa style"
Grapevines trainied with very high stems for preventing pedestrians from eating the grapes
This is how grapevines look without summer pruning, which looks also very beautiful.
Old vine tavern in Meißen / Saxony

Botanical features - grape vines during the course of the year

This gallery shows leaves, flowers, fruits... autumn coloring and phenotype in Winter, and budding in Spring. Please also use the information given on "grape varieties!"

Grapevines need a very rigorous winter pruning every year
Only a few buds remain, which sprout in spring
Proliferation in grape vine
This rigorous trimmed vine stock grows on a "T-shaped" wire rope system
Long shoots emerge from the lignified canes and grow into the open room in front of the trellis if not tied to the climbing aid
Grapevine trained as a horizontal cordon, the lower wire holds the stem framework in place, while the upper wires support the new shoots.
On this young shoot the tendrills of the plant can be seen
If everything goes well, young shoots generate blossom sets
Blossoming itself is rather unspectatcular...
During Flowering many parts start dropping off, this is usually uncritical considering yields.
Only some young berries remain and start growing fast then
Soon the young, green berries reach the "pea-size" stage
In summer they start to ripen, but now the final color of the grapes can be seen
The foliage of grape varieties with green-yellow grapes will also turn yellow in autumn.
Many black grapes - here "Dornfelder" - have orange to red foliage in autumn. Wire support system.
A well trained and maintained grapevine looks perfectly neat also in winter, even before the thin shoots from the previous year are cut off.
 
 

Appropriate wire rope systems for grape vines

Please click on the graphic illustrations for details!

 = suitable             = of limited suitability             = unsuitable