Grape vines are actually part of the "trellis fruit" and traditionally play a major role in the greening of facades. Due to the abundance of information, grape vines are treated separately at FassadeGrün: Here you will find extensive information on "wine at home and in the garden"! You can select vine systems, compare table grapes, learn how to prune and how to recognize diseases. FassadenGrün also sells several varieties.
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(also called "grape wine", Latin: Vitis vinifera)
Position in full sun, preferably protected from prevailing winds. Distance between vine stocks: 0,8 to 5 meters.
Tendril climbing plant, strong growth, new shoots may grow 1 - 4 m every year. Grapevine is usually cultivated as shaped shrubs with growth height of 10 meters and more, depending on the pruning technique. Leaves are beautiful and filigree. The foliage lasts from April/May to October. Flowers are panicle-shaped. Fruits come in many colors depending on the variety with green, yellow, red or blue to blue-black with different berry and grape sizes. The stock is built up over several years ("Vine stock development"). Pruning is obligatory in winter, and additional summer pruning may be necessary. The plant is very susceptible to fungal diseases. Newer varieties are more resistant than historical ones. For decorative purposes, there are grape-free vines.
Rods, grids, wires or ropes can be used for attaching the trunk on a facade.
For suitable wire rope system designs see below. The medium range is a good choice, for larger areas and fungus-sensitive, historical varieties chose a trellis in the heavy range / massive range (increased wall distance). In exceptional cases simple "Basic-S" or even light kits may be sufficient. For espaliers along walls it is important that the stem framework of the vine is tied to the outside of the trellis. Yearly fruiting canes, which are later pruned off, get tucked behind the trellis.
This gallery shows leaves, flowers, fruits... autumn coloring and phenotype in Winter, and budding in Spring. Please also use the information given on "grape varieties!"