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Planting Vines

This section tells you how to plant your grapevines. Container plants can be bought from spring to late autumn from many nurseries, while bare-root plants are available from vine nurseries in spring. A grapevine cultivated from suitable stock should produce a full yield after 4 years (refer to the sequence of images).

Grafting of Grapevines

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The year 0

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Storage of Bare-Root Grapevines

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Planting Bare - Root Grapevines

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Container Vines

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Planting Area

All vines do best in a Planting Area of about 0.5 to 1sqm. If this is not possible, such as on the footpath adjacent to a house wall, then an area the size of a large plate is sufficient, as long as the adjacent pavement is relatively permeable.

Note: do not plant vines in the vicinity of trees, shrubs, conifers or other, old vines in your garden, because the root competition will prevent them from developing. However, it is possible to plant several varieties of grapevines into the same planting area ("quiver" style arrangement)

Planting

Planting usually takes place in spring, however container vines can be planted throughout the year, as long as the ground is frost-free. The planting hole has to be dug at least two spades wide and deep, and the subsoil needs to be cultivated ie loosened.

If necessary, incorporate some drainage, as vines don't tolerate waterlogging!  Next the stake is rammed in. Backfill with a layer of (sieved) fine soil, place the vine in the hole, backfill with topsoil and carefully tamp the soil around the vine, establish a watering ring (a slightly mounded earth ring around the plant) and water the plant in with 5-10 litres of water. The swollen bud union should be approximately 8-12cm above the  ground. A paraffin layer protecting the vine from drying out may still be present, but will eventually crumble away. The stem is then tied to the stake below the bud union. The strong main shoot is also tied to the stake and any further shoots are cut off and removed. Mulch the planting area. In an open field situation (eg vineyard) it is necessary to protect the vines against foraging deer, rabbits etc.

Precautionary Measures

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Special Case: Live Stakes

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Possible Problems with Container Vines

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Grafted, bare-root grapevine with pruned roots and without
Bare-root vines
Bare root grapevines need a full watering for 24hours before planting
Bare - root vine before planting
4-6 young shoots emerge
Info on planting grapevines
The young shoots of the grapvine grow quickly
Shoots of a vine plant
In this stage, the shoots are reduced to one.
Young vine plant
Attention: Tying and binding the young shoots is important, they crack fast!
Young grapevine