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Grapevine Training for Canopies ('Galleries')

Climbing plants, and especially grapevines, are ideal to create green projecting roofs in the form of a canopy or "gallery." Some examples are given here. This type of façade greening originates from southern countries, where the oven-like temperatures emanating from walls are rather harmful to the espaliered vines. They are thus trained away from the walls, providing much needed shade at the same time.

To support the formation of a canopy/awning made of vines, sturdy mountings or wall brackets are required through which wires or wire ropes can be threaded parallel to the wall. The brackets are available from metalworking shops, and you will need to make sure that their loading capacity is adequate for high fruit yields, windy situations, etc..

The yearly new shoots will first grow upwards before falling back under the effect of their own weight to settle on the support wires and intertwine with each other. The images below show some vine-training variations which can be changed and combined.

A green gallery (canopy-roof) of vine
Vine gallery
Photo illustrating Variation 03: Cordon close to the wall, predominantly trained in a tight "comb-like form" (see below), before winter pruning
Gallery with vine
Vine Gallery
Photo illustrating Variation 05: A cordon well away from the wall, trained as a "curtain" (see below), before winter pruning
'Curtain' greening (vine as a pergola)
Grapevine gallery
Training a vine into a canopy
Trellis systems for grapevine-galleries are usually available form a local building contractor/outfitter.
Grape variety "Portugieser"
Combination of several training variations on a gallery (see below), before winter pruning
Combination of training variations
Vine gallery
Support bracket for vines
Grapevine pergola

Training Methods for Gallery-Grapevines

The Setting / Support Structure
A schematic illustration of a wine gallery above a house entrance, constructed with long brackets and either tensioned wires or fitted rods
Variation 01
Near-wall horizontal cordon with spur pruning, suitable for galleries less than 0.5m wide. For denser foliage, change pruning gradually to rod pruning.
Variation 02
Near-wall cordon for galleries approx. 1.0m wide. The side shoot positions are approx. 60cm apart and get cane pruned. Each year, one new side shoot position is added on each side.
Variation 03
Near-wall cordon in a tight "comb" form for galleries more than 0.5m wide; this form can be developed from Variation 02. In that case, each of the 2 - 4 shoots on the "comb teeth" is spur pruned.
Variation 04
Near-wall cordon in a wide "comb" form, suitable for galleries 1.0m and more metres wide. The side shoot positions on the "comb teeth" are variably arranged and, depending on the distance between them and the desired foliage density, can be either spur, rod or cane pruned.
Variation 05
In contrast to Variation 01, here the horizontal cordon with spur pruning was established further away from the wall. This form is suitable for the "curtain training" with the greenery drooping towards the front.