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Garden City & Native Country Style (1900 - 1940)

With the "garden city" movement, wall gardens experienced a boom because beautiful green ups and the self-sufficienct trellis fruit were the cornerstone of this new philosophy. In Jena, Weimar, Leipzig and elsewhere trellises started to show up on walls and gardens from this time. Trellis bars and lattices were typical in the checkered pattern, without emphasizing the strongly protruding vertical ends of the lattice. The lattices were trimmed for style.

Grapevine near a building in the "Garden-City" architectural style

The Idea Spreads...

The idea of a "green town " was often adopted exclusively in the native countries revival style. Soon  thousands of modest detached houses were built promoted by the new savings and loan associations. Green up trellises were now laid out, created,  and rose up in "social housing buildings". This idea married the "international style" from time to time. Even hospitals and industrial buildings then became greened, mostly with self clinging climbers, that didn't need a cable or wire system.

... and the "Flash in the Pan" goes out

The greening up building trend subsided when it was realized that roses and clematis also needed time,  a lot of care and cut back trimming. It was the same with the fashionable fruit trellises: Without permanent care no reward was to be won here. And it was finally World War II, circa 1940, which halted the facade gardens and threw them back by a decade. What was left of facade greening by then in the 1950's was that the heirs and successors often had no idea about the care and trimming needed by wall plants. "greening up" buildings and houses therefore became a margin topic until the environmental movement arose.

University medical complex with clinker brick facade, presumable approx. 1930 with Boston Ivy. Liebigstraße / Leipzig / Saxony.

Garden City Buildings

Picture gallery 

Old and re-produced Trellises, townhouses in the OT "Wilder Mann", Dresden/Saxony
Apartment buildings employ trellises in Chemnitz/Saxony
Evergreen, Honeysuckle, Woodbine, Rose and others, garden city Leipzig Marienbrunn
Garden city houses in Jena/Thuringia Saxony
Live with trellis plants Jena/Thuringia
Checkered square lattices in Jena/Thuringia
Wild growing vine on a wooden trellis, garden city Leipzig Marienbrunn/Saxony
Wooden espalier with Roses, Garden city works housing estate "Piesteritz", Wittenberg / Saxony-Anhalt
Historic espalier wall, Garden works housing estate "Piesteritz", Wittenberg / Saxony-Anhalt
Switch between 1 1/2  floor building and 2 1/2 floor building. The wooden espaliers adapt in accordance to the storey height. Garden settlement Piesteritz, Wittenberg / Saxony-Anhalt
Double house with espaliers, garden city works housing estate Piesteritz, Wittenberg / Saxony-anhalt
Small Climbing roses, garden city Dresden - Hellerau / Saxony

Detached Single Family Houses in the Native Country Style

Picture gallery 

Residential building in Weimar/Thuringia
Building in the (German) home revival style. Pergola with Wild vines, Weimar/Thuringia. There are naturally British, French, Austrian, Swiss etc... revival styles.
Villa with pear trellis on the unchanged original facade, Markkleeberg/Saxony
Residential building in Freyburg/Unstrut/Saxony Anhalt
Vines among other greenery at a residential building, Nossen/Saxony
Villa in the German home revival style with climbing roses, Potsdam/Brandenburg
Town villa with wild wine, Dresden/Saxony
House with Home Revival style in the area Dresden/Saxony partly turfed with ivy
Little Rose bush at a building in Jena/Thuringia
Villa with Wisteria in Naumburg/Saxony-Anhalt
Detached house with original walls and rudimentary grape vine trellis, Leipzig Saxony
Buildings ensemble home revival style façade greening with Dutchman's Pipe, Halle on the Saale River / Saxony - Anhalt
Lush Trumpet vine in the garden city of Halle-Nietleben / Saxony-Anhalt
City villa with grape vine espaliers, Jena / Thuringia
Drainpipe greening on a duplex with Trumpet vine, Leipzig Saxony
Historic espalier with sour cherries. The claims that in approx. the year 1930 all the houses in the area had such cherry espaliers. Leipzig-Knauthein / Saxony
 
 

Social and Co-operative Housing

Picture gallery 

Street greening with wooden trellises in Jena / Thuringia
Wild grapevines in Leipzig / Saxony, see photo on the right
Wild vine, explanation of the photo on the left
Remains of old wooden trellises at a housing development, Rochlitz/Saxony
Dutchman's Pipe on the drainpipe Dresden/Saxony
Evergreen Honeysuckle, Woodbine in Jena/Thuringia
Residential building from approx. 1935 with old wine trellises , Halle on the Salle River/ Saxony-Anhalt
Social housing from approx. 1930 with wild vine, re-developed and greened up, Leipzig/Saxony, in the backyard
Housing development with partly restored trellises on a remarkable building for which the unmistakable styles: "garden city" and " modern building" had married, in Halle on the Salle river/Saxony-Anhalt
Construction panel with photo of the historical original of the predecessor trellises in full size is visible, Halle on the Salle/Saxony-Anhalt
Climbing Rose as a balcony green up, Leipzig-Marienbrunn/Saxony
Typical for the housing of that time: Wild vine, Leipzig / Saxony