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Base Greening with Climbing Shrubs, Bushes, etc..

By planting climbers, bushes, or annuals against the base of a building, you can achieve a beautiful effect at a low cost without having to install a wall-bound trellis cable system. It will be enough to prepare a plant bed/ring in front of the facade, sometimes in combination with suspended trellising cables. Planting bushes in front of the facade is the easiest way to bring greenery to the building, and often it is the only solution for buildings with special facades insulated from the outside that cannot be drilled. This method also serves well as protection against graffiti. Here we demonstrate successful examples, arranged according to plant groups.

Lavender-tufts/bushes planted just in front of a wall, Klosterbuch / Saxony
Lavender-tufts/bushes planted just in front of a wall, Klosterbuch / Saxony


Of the well-known climbing plants, shrub roses-- i.e. roses growing like shrubs-- or stem roses ("high stem roses" / "standard roses"), which develop their shoots and flowers on a single pre-treated stem, are particularly suitable for such base planting. The latter (stem roses) need a support rod or post, while rose bushes do not need a climbing aid or are only fixed with the specific system 1010. In general, same applies here with climbing roses.

Other Climbing Shrubs

In addition to roses, the group of perennial, woody "climbers" ("climbing shrubs") are also suitable: firethorn, cotoneaster, espalier fruits and winter creeper, among others. You can usually simply lean these against the wall and they will naturally adhere. Other climbers need a support (post/pole..) or climbing aid and are therefore seldom suitable for freestanding base plantings (in a foundation bed or plant ring). The sensitive and less vigorous climbing perennials (hops) and the annual climbing plants are also not an option.


From the large group of woody plants, however, many shrub-like species are suitable for planting in front of walls, as shown in the photo examples below.

Bamboo and Grasses

In the context of "modern buildings," bamboo and grasses are becoming more popular for the base of wall gardens. 

Perennials, Biennials, and Annual Plants

With these plants, effects can usually be achieved more quickly than with the ones mentioned above; usually their flowering is more resplendent, and above all, long-lasting. Sunflowers are often used in northern Germany; hollyhocks (hollyhock roses / "mallows") in the Baltic area have a long tradition. The choice of plants thus always depends on the location and the regional conditions.

Shrub roses in front of a house wall
Shrub roses in front of a house wall
A copse of lilac bushes as climbing shrubs
Lilac as a climbing shrub / wall greening on the Wartburg Castle/ Eisenach / Thuringia
Annuals, perennials, and climbing shrubs
Annuals and Climbing Shrubs

Photo Gallery

Here you will find different examples ranging from low to medium-high plantings to cover the base of buildings.

Small rose shrub
A copse (rose bush) in front of a façade
White rose bush in front of a building
Rose shrubs in front of a house
Small rose shrub
Vermilion rose bushes in front of a building, Eutin / Schleswig-Holstein
Firethorn on an industrial façade
Forsythia as a copse of climbing shrubs
Kerry / Buttercup bush
Ranunculus bush in winter
Blooming peach bush
Privet as a copse
Bamboo as graffiti prevention
Bamboo as a climbing shrub / wall green
Base greening of bamboo; Jewish synagogue in Chemnitz / Saxony
Perennial planting in front of a façade
Façade design with perennials (probably "Helianthus")
Base greening with perennials (probably "Phlox"), Fischer-house on Usedom in Warthe / Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
Tomatoes in front of a garden arbour
Sunflowers in front of an outbuilding
Sunflowers as wall greening in front of church
Mallows (Hollyhocks)