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Espalier Fruit / Trellis Fruit

The cultivation of espalier fruit has a centuries old tradition, but requires professional knowledge, high maintenance and really belongs to the domain of enthusiasts. The person who is prepared to not only invest time, but also to overcome setbacks should try it! We provide information for all kinds of espalier fruit.

Espalier fruit (pear) on a wall of wood
Grapevines

Grapevine

For some southern flair

Pear on a trellis

Pear

The most common espalier fruit

Apple espalier for house and garden

Apple

Better suited for an open area

Espalier Peach

Peach

For sunny walls

Apricots on a house wall

Apricot

For Grapevine climate

Espalier quincies

Quincy

Petty and low maintenance

Cherries at a house wall

Sour Cherry

Even north walls!

Actinidia - perennial climbing plant

Kiwi

Health and rich with vitamins

Kiwi-berry as a substitute for kiwis

Mini Kiwi

Instead of real kiwi

Fig fruits

Fig

Mediterranean Fruit

Rubus fruticosus - two year climbing plant

Blackberry

Evergreen and aromatic

Raspberries on plant supports

Rasperry

Free-standing plant support

General Information on Espalier Fruit for Walls

You only have a small property, yet you still want to harvest some fruit? Or is it that special fruit you want to grow that, otherwise, only your granddad has in his backyard? In both cases, espalier fruit are a solution. Either for your house or backyard wall, here is a little orientation.

Espalier fruit: on a wall or free-standing?

If you think about cultivating espalier fruit on a wall or facade, you should seek advice and read thoroughly about the subject. The choice of the right fruit and even the right cultivar is crucial for success. The fruits shouldn't be ready for harvest right when you are on vacation, or when the same fruit is available for cheap at the market anyway! And then there's the maintenance of the tree... Fruits cultivated on a free-standing trellis in the garden aren't as sweet and are ripe later but they require less work. This might be an alternative to facade-grown fruit!

Espalier fruit on walls

Why should fruits be cultivated next to a wall anyway? A sunny wall creates conditions that fruit trees otherwise only find in southern countries. The wall is protected from the wind, and the stone walls accumulate warmth in the day to the benefit of the vegetation. Many types of fruit trees thrive in these conditions if they have an adequate water supply.

Requirements

By carefully selecting the cultivar, you can find a fruit for any wall. as a rule of thumb it may be said that grapevines, pears and peaches profit from the blazing sun even at midday and can be grown on hot south-facing or west-facing walls. Apples, cherries, plums and apricots shouldn't be boiled in this way. They quickly lose their aroma and freshness (acidity). Apricots will bloom too early and can have their flower frozen by a late frost. Partially shaded walls are sufficient for these fruits. Summer pears and cherries even thrive on shaded north walls!

Difficulty

Fruit trees require more or less optimal conditions to thrive on a wall. The following fruit trees are listed as most difficult to less difficult to use as espalier fruit: <STRONG/>late grapevines, late winter pear, late winter apple, peach, fig, late autumn pear, real kiwi, winter apples, early grapevines, peach, early autumn peach, autumn apple, blackberries, apricot, summer pear, sweet cherry, summer apple, sour cherry. When growing winter sorts as espalier fruit, the location must be optimal.

Gallery

Examples of espalier fruit on wall. Please click on the photos!

"Blue Trollinger" is a demanding, ancient table grape
"Palatina" is a new, fungus resistant grape variety from Hungary
"Roter Gutedel" also is a very old grapevine, which therefore needs more maintanance
Espalier pears often grew in noble fruit gardens
Also espalier apple were part of almost every baroque wall garden
Quinces are a delicacy
Peaches are very sensitive and need much water and warmth
Apricots on trellises need to be protected against early blossoming, because otherwise the fruit sets freeze to death
Cherries are also suitable to be cultivated on walls and trellises
Blackberries become very sweet on walls, because of the higher temperatures
Kiwi is a very resilient plant, but need rigorous pruning!
Mini-Kiwi with their small fruits are also interesting for cultivation on walls
In parts of germany and europe with benign climate even figs can have fruits!
Not everything, that is untoxic and edible needs to be a delicacy: fruits of Akebia (choclate vine)