• Deutsch
  • English
  • Français

Espalier Fruit / Trellis Fruit

The cultivation of espalier fruit has a centuries old tradition, but requires professional knowledge, high maintenance and really belongs to the domain of enthusiasts. The person who is prepared to not only invest time, but also to overcome setbacks should try it! The most popular espalier fruit is the pear, followed by apricots, peaches and others. At "FassadenGrün," the Grapevines and Kiwi are treated in separate sections.

Espalier fruit (pear) on a wall of wood
Grapevines

Grapevines

For some southern flair

Pear on a trellis

Pear

The most common espalier fruit

Apple espalier for house and garden

Apple

Better suited for an open area

Espalier Peach

Peach

For sunny walls

Apricots on a house wall

Apricots

For Grapevine climate

Espalier quincies

Quincy

Pretty and low-maintenance

Cherries at a house wall

Sour Cherry

Even north walls!

Actinidia - perennial climbing plant

Kiwi

Health and rich with vitamins

Kiwi-berry as a substitute for kiwis

Mini Kiwi

Substitute for real kiwi

Fig fruits

Fig

Mediterranean fruit

Rubus fruticosus - two year climbing plant

Blackberry

Winter green and aromatic

Raspberries on plant supports

Raspberries

Free-standing plant support

General Information on Espalier Fruit for Walls

You only have a small property, yet you still want to harvest some fruit? Or is it that special fruit you want to grow that, otherwise, only your granddad has in his backyard? In both cases, espalier fruit are a solution. Either for your house or backyard wall, here is a little orientation.

Requirements

With appropriate selection, a suitable fruit tree species can be found for any wall. For details see below.

Growth and Leaves

Like shrubs depending on species, see below.

Pruning

Many possibilities, refer to specialised literature. In order to reduce the high maintenance associated with the traditionally strictly geometric "palmette" shaped espaliers, the last approx. 70 years have seen a clear trend towards the more naturally growing fan shaped espalier forms.

Climbing Plant Support System

Supports need to anchor the stem structure well onto the wall. Distance to the wall is not that crucial but should be only minimal due to the weight of the plants. However, good air-flow between wall and plant is essential. For suitable support systems refer below. Heavy or massive wire rope systems are recommendet. Also Medium, may suffice. Often timber espaliers/trellises.

Picture gallery

This picture gallery shows several examples of different espalier fruits on walls.

"Blue Trollinger" is a demanding, ancient table grape
"Palatina" is a new, fungus resistant grape variety from Hungary
"Roter Gutedel" also is a very old grapevine, which therefore needs more maintanance
Espalier pears often grew in noble fruit gardens
Also espalier apple were part of almost every baroque wall garden
Quinces are a delicacy
Peaches are very sensitive and need much water and warmth
Apricots on trellises need to be protected against early blossoming, because otherwise the fruit sets freeze to death
Cherries are also suitable to be cultivated on walls and trellises
Blackberries become very sweet on walls, because of the higher temperatures
Kiwi is a very resilient plant, but need rigorous pruning!
Mini-Kiwi with their small fruits are also interesting for cultivation on walls
In parts of germany and europe with benign climate even figs can have fruits!
Not everything, that is untoxic and edible needs to be a delicacy: fruits of Akebia (choclate vine)