Classicism (c. 1770-1840)

Building greening continued to develop much further, above all small espalier gardens and Talut walls from the baroque developed in this epoch. New climbing plants were introduced or bred. Then, however, with romanticism and its castle admiration, there was a contradicting impulse! Instead of old order, light, and severity, new ivy-covered, ancient active walls were revered and in many places were made green where they had not been greened before!

Wisteria, administrative building in Eutin

Spreading of Classicism

There are some cities, which had been able to show an active structural development in the time of the classicism. They produced many greenings, partially even also still from that time visable. For example:  Berlin, Potsdam, Weimar, Eutin, and Putbus. Below you can find additional pictures and examples.


The "Biedermeier" era from approx. 1815 to1850 was a cheerful style direction within the classicism. It averted itself from any fanatic idealism complexion. Instead, it was all about enjoying life and living in style with family and friends. The garden played a large roll. "Biedermeier-gardens" were established with flowers, wall greening and espalier fruit.

New Climbing Plants

From North America Dutchman's Pipe arrived (1783), followed by Asian Chinese and Japanese Wisteria (1816 and 1830) and Clematis Montana (1831).

Building with Vine greening
Harvest on the vine espalier, after Oscar Pletsch, approx. 1870

Picture Gallery

You can find more examples of  leafy buildings from the era of classicism, please click on the photos

Alexandrinen street, Schwerin, late classicism, wild climbing vine existing since, at least 1930.
Neoclassical house in Putbus / Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Tree Roses analogous to time of its construction (Prince Malte of Putbus ordered all prescribed subjects to plant such rose bushes in front of houses)
Goethe's garden house in Weimar / Thuringia with rose trellises
Späth Arboretum Berlin on historic photo with Dutch Pipe (preserved)
Classical garden architecture, Roman baths in Potsdam /Sanssouci/BrandenburgAkebien on climbing wires, occupied since 1907
Classicistic postal station in Jahna-Pulsitz / Saxony, vine trellis according to historical model
House with Wisteria in Brandenburg, Germany / Brandenburg
Dutchman's Pipe on a mill building, Miltitz / Saxony
Dutchman's Pipe on a mill building, Miltitz / Saxony
Entrance door with a small vineyard in Pegau / Saxony
House with wall roses in Eutin/Schleswig-Holstein
Vine and climbing roses on a house in in Eutin, Schleswig-Holstein
Wild grapevine on building Finkenherd 6, 1780, Quedlinburg Saxony-Anhalt
Historical, unrestored courtyard with old wine trellis, construction year not ascertained, entrance to the town village Wermsdorf / Saxony
Ancient ivy in the scenery park on the Ilm river in the temple mansion, reshaped by court master builder Johann Friedrich Rudolf Steiner in the style of the romanticism, Weimar / Thürigen
Extensions with ruin character in the spirit of Romanticism greened with ivy. Burg Mildenstein / Leisnig / Saxony
overgrown with ivy. Grimma / Saxony
An almost unchanged classicism garden house ("Friendship temple") from 1802 with Grapes on a wooden espalier. Gösch-garden at the Gösch-house in Grimma / Saxony
Autumn Wisteria at the Bad-Hotel from the classicism era (building period 1824 - 1828). Überlingen / Baden-Wuerttemberg
Blooming apple espalier at the "Hofgärtnerhaus" estate. Today it is a Liszt museum in Weimar / Thuringia