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Classical Structure of Wooden Trellises (Espaliers)

Here we'll address 'classic' constructions of wooden trellises, which historically have been referred to as 'espaliers' -- referring to lattices which have a cross bar and vertical battening/laths, as in garden fences. The section following this one mainly covers the arrangement, quantity, and measurement of the bars and laths so that the trellis form and the window openings are in alignment, etc.. "Naked" espaliers become especially visible in the leafless times of year. From the variety of trellises shown, it should be possible for you to draft a design for your particular situation. Trellises with other than vertical battening are treated as special forms. 

Classical wooden trellis (oak wood) for grapevine
Classical wooden trellis (oak wood) for grapevine
Simplest Form

2-Crossbar Espalier

Trellis with 2 crossbars

"Belt" Espaliers

2-Crossbar Belt Espalier

Trellises in a 'belt' formation (horizontal across the facade) 

Info on 3-bar-espaliers

3-Crossbar Espaliers

Trellis with 3 crossbars

Large-scale Espalier Grids

Large Trellises

Complex espalier walls

Variants of Espalier-Grids


A gable - many variants

Trellises made of Robinia


Wood strength/thickness, lath heads, etc..