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Modern Building & Greening (app. 1920-today)

Greening up was initially frowned on in the Bauhaus era of "modern building" as of 1920 because it reflected the older "garden city" style. Bauhaus was all about clearing off the useless affectations on buildings. Minimalism. The new ideal was the facade which was clean and edgy without a lot of detail." A live-in machine."  It often struck people as cold, clinical, and soul less. Since then, things have relaxed a bit and greened up walls are no longer taboo as they once were in the Bauhaus era. A rejection of extreme minimalism took place and natural, warm, full greening was once again "allowed".

"Neues Bauen" architecture by Werner Wirsing, 1986, Munich

Older Detached Single Family Homes

The few original houses from the Bauhaus time of approx. 1935 are under the strict protection of the government; the historical monuments preservation dept. They are usually painted only white because this was the typical color of the"Modern building era". The houses seem bright and pure, from afar, but shrill and glaring up close. Greening up is virtually ruled out here even if they would soothe the blinding effect of the facades. Only the original is the motto. After all, it could be possible to put simple pail plants in front of the walls. Self-clinging climbers and also strong vigorous plants are to be avoided for houses from later time periods.

Grape vine, reconstruction to "international style", Morgenitz / Usedom / Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
Bauhaus-style and greening with grape vine

New Detached Single Family Houses

With greening up in the context of 'new buildings,' plants are preferred which do not grow 'wildly', but need assistance from the cables and wires to form and grow as one desires. It is recommended to promptly discuss beforehand your greening wishes with the architect because it can then be arranged in the stylistic form of 'his' building. The attachment of the cable system may be demanding if Special façades or different façades need to be greened.

New construction in the international style, wire rope system 8010 modified, espalier fruit
Greening and International style

Prefabricated (pre-fab) Buildings Made of Concrete Slabs, approx. 1950

After approx. 1950 ideas of "modern building"were also implemented for municipal housing units. Building greening didn't play a role here at first, but in the course of the environmental movement  the first attempts were made around 1980. To safeguard rental quotas, these buildings were redeveloped and rennovated en masse and also greened up starting around 1990, particularly the windowless gables. Unfortunately, afterward these facades were often expressionless, even after walls were brightly painted  (walls with ETICS would not stand any dark colors). And unfortunately such large green ups were neglected from time to time because of lack of interest and care.

Dutchman's Pipe, Erfurt-North / Thuringia

Office and Trade Industrial Buildings

For the office and trade building construction, the omens had changed since 1920. "Building with greenery" increasingly begins to play a role. Facade gardens become an integral component  of a high-quality architecture. Parking garages are greened, high growing walls are made and building green up in all facets is hard to ignore. Also completely new green up systems are tested directly on the facades, but are however still very care intensive.

Shopping mall with four separate green field's of wild vines, Leipzig-Liebertwolkwitz / Saxony
Building greened with wild vines

Functional Buildings and Negative Trends

A negative trend also begins to emerge now. It includes warehouses, car parking houses, boundry walls etc. More and more such commercial buildings are perceived as ugly and disruptive and required greening as a beautification measure.This originates from the positive knowledge that greening can also improve the image of large, boring, flat uniform areas. The dark side: A builder-owner developer must then no longer take the trouble that is necessary to create high-quality buildings. One could translate " modern buildings" with expressionless, cheap, dull facades. And greening is reduced to just the icing on the cake , to provide "architect comfort," provided that architecture is really deserving of the name.

Cheap industrial architecture with silver lace vine
Industrial architecture with Silver lace vine

House building - detached houses Picture gallery

Greened residential buildings. Especially in the time after 2000. FassadenGrün-systems are noted with a wire rope system no. More examples under "Modern lattices".

Vine with cable system 5050/ middle at a residential building of building modernly
Evergreen Honeysuckle
Evergreen Honeysuckle , cable system of mid range level.
Cable system 8040 modified, small Kiwi is planned
Dutchman's Pipe with fall leaves on wire-cables analogous to cable system 5050
Wild growing vine, fall coloring, steel cable system 5040 heavy construction on ETICS
Different climbing plants on a housetop terrace, system 2020
Modified system 3060 on insulation
Cultivated Wisteria on a modern townhouse
Ecological building with different plants
Balcony green up with Wisteria
One-year splendor winches having grown up the wires
Drainpipe green up with Brown-eyed Susannes
Privacy planting with Wisteria
Greening of terraced houses with Wisteria
Apricot with cable systems 1040 on facade flat face
With an evergreen Honeysuckle greened small room, cable system 7060
Greening with Honeysuckle, cable system modified 5050
Greened modern house: 2 vines in pails
Carport greened with Ivy
 
 
 
 

Social Housing Building, Improving the Environment

If not mentioned differently, it always deals first with the green up afterwards on the newly insulated stucco walls. 

Growing elements of painted metal square pipes on a gable greened with small leafed Dutchman's Pipe Aristolochia tomentosa, Chemnitz / Saxony
Wall greening with Wisteria on a Berlin gable
Crimson glory vine Vitis coignetiae on a gable in Erfurt-North / Thuringia
Wall green with wild vine on a metal lattice, Dresden / Saxony
Silver lace vine on a lattice system, Torgau / Saxony
Steel profiles as a curtain wall, Dutchman's Pipe, Erfurt / Thuringia
Mix greening on a textile coated wire rope, Leipzig / Saxony
Wisteria on a railing in Jena / Thuringia
Renovated apartment block with silver lace vine on wire ropes, Lübben / Brandenburg
Unrenovated prefab. buildings greened with five lobbed wild vine P. quinquefolia, Cottbus / Brandenburg
One of the last, expressive WBS 70 pre-fab buildings WITHOUT additional insulation(new modern stucco) - soon perhaps an upcoming case for the protection of historical monuments! Lattices growing Wisteria, Gera/Thuringia
A green project with Dutchman's Pipe on growing cables in Dresden/Saxony
Mixed greening at a pre-fab construction gable, Leipzig/Saxony
Greened up constructions, of WBS 70 near a water system beneficial to the atmospheric humidity, Leipzig/Saxony
Apartment house of the WBS 70 series from GDR time with Clematis Vitalba on steel cables, Leipzig-Paunsdorf/Saxony
Rented apartments, tree shrike on steel cables, Leipzig-Sellerhausen/Saxony, rehabilitated with ETICS
Inner city housing program from the GDR (German Democratic Republic) time without modern insulation or stuccowork, additional greening of the first floor area with Wisteria on cable systems 9020, Kolonnade street in Leipzig/Saxony
Prefab. buildings gable without insulation. Building greening up to 25 m height with Thicket creeper, Halle/Saale // Saxony-Anhalt

Office and Industrial Building

Examples of a Successful Greening Up

Alternative green up possibilities at an office building: Front facade metal construction with Wisteria, Knotweed and Dutchman's Pipe, new building of the IHK Cottbus/Brandenburg
Building greening with Wisteria on the stair tower of a factory in Dresden/Saxony
With Climbing Trumpets on growing cables on a glass facade, Leipzig/Saxony
Cinema building with a pre-planted firethorn pyracantha in Döbeln/Saxony
Hotel greened with Wisteria spindles in Heringsdorf/Rügen/Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Native Jungle Lianas: Clematis Vitalba at an University building in Leipzig/Saxony
Wild growing vine at a shopping center in Halberstadt/Saxony-Anhalt
Small industrial construction in the international style with Wisterias in Quedlinburg/Saxony-Anhalt
Green up of a Garage hall with an evergreen Honeysuckle Leipzig/Saxony
Green cable system with Wisteria and other climbers, arts faculty building of the University of Leipzig/Saxony
A "Living Wall" from Patrick Blanc at the department store "gallery Lafayette" in Berlin
Heavy off set-wall Trellis system green wall with wild growing vine, University clinical complex Leipzig/Saxony
Object green up of a pause room of a street car "tram" terminal station, separate lattice, grating box as help for growing the climbers, Leipzig-Knautkleeberg/Saxony
Brilliant and simple: Wall design with wild vine at a shopping market. The wall construction contains the four green wall fields and conforms the plants in them. Leipzig-Liebertwolkwitz/Saxony ( second photos above )
Stair tower at a modern building greened with wild vine, high school building HTWK Leipzig/Saxony
Warehouse green up with wild vines Vitis coignetiae on growing nets of steel cable, St. Benno Publishing house/Leipzig/Saxony
Walls of the entrance of a school, Leipzig-Mölkau/Saxony, greened with wild growing vine
New hospital building in the international style, a windowless wall greened with creepers on ropes, Halle on the Salle river/Saxony-Anhalt
In the future,think about how thick this building's greening will be on the cable system and around the windows if the plants are properly cared for and maintained... Fraunhofer Institute /Halle on the Salle river/Saxony-Anhalt
Modern building with ivy greening on an office and hotel building. With more care, the lattices fields will probably fill in the great wall openings again with additional pail or bucket plants. Halle- Neustadt/Saxony-Anhalt
Crooked angle braced cable systems 0020 with Dutchman's Pipe and wild growing vine, ZOO Leipzig, "Gonwanaland"
High bay warehouse with GFRP-grids on Sandwich-Façades. The side facing the nature reserve are is greened with hops and silver lace vine. 6 months after completion. Böttcher_AG in Jena / Thuringia
Ventilation shaft tower at the Fraunhofer-Institut. Modified massive wire rope system 5050 for clematis. 1 year after completion, Jena / Thuringia
Building greening on a parking garage. Different climbing plants on galvanized  steel bars. "Arsenal" shopping centre, Wittenberg / Saxony-Anhalt
A shopping mall greened with silver lace vine, Clematis vitalba, Akebia and others on steel cables, Konstanz / Baden-Wuerttemberg
Dutchman's Pipe and Trumpet vine, university clinic radiology, Dresden / Saxony