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Trellis with three cross bars

3-bar espaliers in the classical shape consist of three crossbars and vertical laths protruding on top and at the bottom. They are suited for larger espaliers, for example, if a medium-size gable needs to be covered. In the case of hardwood laths, or larch, 3-bar espaliers are a MUST, because these types of wood (especially undried) tend to warp. Therefore, a 3-point fastening is recommended. These espaliers can be planned singly, in groups, or as espalier bands as well. For futher details, such as cross sections, spacing between laths, fastenings, and so on, please click on the respective sites.

Wooden espalier grid for grapevine

Single Trellis

It is also reasonable for the planning of 3-bar espaliers to include spacing on all sides, building the espalier a little smaller, to some extent, and “indentured”, because this looks more delicate and the respective plant usually spreads beyond the edging of the espalier. Occasionally it is useful to set the middle bar a little higher due to the harmonious division in the purpose of the “golden cut”. The quantity of wall fastenings depends on the espalier’s width, please pay attention to the maximum spacings recommended for the individual anchors. The anchors are not set all the way outwards, but circa 20-40 cm indentured. At least two vertical espalier laths are attached to them. 

Three cross bars equal spacing
Trellis lathing on three cross bars
Growth element / wooden trellis
Small grapevine trellis made of robinia
Small grapevine trellis made of robinia
asymmetrically arranged cross bars
Small trellis on a gable
Remains of a large trellis
Remains of a large trellis, Kohren-Salis / Saxony
Trellis made of wood
Trellising for plants
Trellis wall for espalier fruit bushes
Trellis wall for fruit bushes
Old three-bar trellis
Old trellis in Diesbar-Seußlitz / Saxony
Wooden trellis with blooming Apple
Wood trellis with Apple
Grape trellis, see left in summer
Three grapevines on a house
Historical trellis made of wood
Divided at the "Golden Section"
Golden section

Several Trellises

Several espaliers often are arranged between windows, doors, etc.., if their size does not allow a continuous espalier band. Sometimes, even creative aspects may determine the mounting of several, single espaliers instead of one large espalier band. Oftentimes, the lines of the window row are “taken up“ from the crossbars or the borders of the laths, with a continuous growth resulting. 

Two trellises
Newly installed Grapevine grid. The cross bars are orientated according to the top and bottom of the windows.
Grapevine trellis, Breunsdorfhaus / Leipzig / Saxony
Several trellises for grapevine
Trellises for grapes, Riesa / Saxony
Trellising with connection above. The cross bars are orientated according to the crossbars of the windows
Trellising for different plants, Jena / Thuringia
Grapevine trellis

3-bar Espaliers Around the Window

Often times, windows on outhouses serving for ventilation reasons only, used to be covered by laths in order to obtain more espalier width and produce a higher harvest, respectively. The recess or the “avoidance” of a window opening often appears more integrated; it is more costly though, and requires deviations in the arrangement of the bars. It is easier to arrange two espaliers on both sides of the window as described above. 

Old trellis wall on a farm house
Old trellis wall on a farm house, Käbschütztal / Saxony
Autumn rose trellis on an outbuilding
Trellis made of wood for roses, Claußnitz / Saxony
New trellis for grapevines
Trellis framework base, Meißen / Saxony
Trellis around a window
Trellis around a window
Trellis for roses
New grapevine trellis
New trellis grapevine
old grapevine trellis in spring
Old grapevine trellis in Sörnewitz / Saxony
Trellis laths around two windows
Trellis laths in Weinböhla / Saxony