Trellises with 2 Cross Bars

2-bar espaliers in the classical shape consist of 2 strong crossbars and vertical laths protruding on top and at the bottom, ocasionally a bit more on top. They look like a garden fence tacked to the wall, and are suitable for laths made of conifer wood, which do not warp. In the cases of larch, oak and robinia wood, meaning hardwoods, warp and a respective rustic look must be taken into account. Now and then, this is wanted, mostly though, 3-bar espaliers are favored then. 2-bar espaliers can be utilised alone, in groups, or as espalier bands. For further details, such as cross sections, spacing between laths, fastenings, and so on, please click on the respective sites. 

Old wooden trellis

Single Trellis

It is important for the planning to include spacing on all sides, building the espalier to some extent a little smaller and “indentured”, because this looks more delicate and the respective plant usually spreads beyond the edging of the espalier. The quantity of the wall fastenings depends on the espalier’s width, mostly though, 4 anchors, 2 per espalier bar. Please consider the maximum spacings recommended for the individual anchors. The anchors are not set all the way outwards, but circa 20-40 cm indentured. At least two vertical espalier laths are attached to them. 

A simple espalier with minor lath gap (circa 22 cm)
Simplest trellis, Dresden / Saxony
Old grapevine espalier in winter
Outbuilding with grapevine espalier, near Artern / Saxony-Anhalt
Thicket creeper at a street
Greening at a street, Kötzschenbroda / Saxony
Gable greening with grapevines
Gable greening with grapevines, near Torgau / Saxony
Wooden espalier for two vines
Simple wooden trellis for grapevines, near Kreischa / Saxony
Different Clematis
Trellis on framework, Dreiskau-Muckern / Saxony
Old trellis at a village street
Old trellis at a village street, Jena-Ziegenhain / Thuringia

Long Trellis Walls

Long espalier walls for fruits and wine often have been found on large buildings and their backsides, on long walls and especially in kitchen gardens of lordly manors. They have a tradition in garden art as well, and were for instance planted with roses. On a separate site, narrow espalier bands or belts called “belt espaliers” will be discussed.

New wooden trellis for roses
Wooden trellis for roses
A transition of long espalier laths (hardwood – robinia) to a narrow espalier belt
Trellis laths made of hard wood (Robinia)
Very long espalier wall with grapevines
Espalier wall, Dornburger Castle / Thuringia
With a particularly strong cross sections – here circa 6 cm – you can build very high espaliers. Here for fruit and wine.
Castle Gnandstein / Saxony, trellis built after a historical model
Blooming apple-espalier in a historical garden
Historical garden in Weimar / Thuringia
Three espalier pears
Three espalier pears, Auerstädt / Thuringia
Rose trellises
Rose trellis in Dornburger Castles / Dornburg / Thuringia

Trellis Walls and Windows

What can be done if there are (smaller) window openings in a planned espalier system? While in the past, such openings simply were “overlaid” with laths and greened, they are omitted today. That consequently demands deviation in the array of the bars. How can be proceeded? On the photos you find suggestions thereto. The easiest way of course, is to intermit the espalier completely in the area of recess and continue after that, meaning two espaliers both on the left and on the right side of the wall opening are to be arranged – see below.

Large wooden espalier for two vines as in a vineyard upbringing
Larger wooden trellis, near Priestewitz / Saxony
Very high lathing, vines during spring proliferation
Very high lathing, Grapes, Diesbar-Seußlitz / Saxony
A Grapevine church. Vines on two on top of one another installed 2-bar espaliers
Grapevine Church (Sankt-Urban-Church) in Meißen / Saxony
Even this old worn espalier wall shows additionally installed cross-pieces. Here, there is no lath protrusion in the window area, creatively enlarging the window frames
Old espalier wall, Priestewitz / Saxony
Connection between two espaliers with additional cross-pieces under both windows
Gable front with trellis, near Meißen / Saxony
Trellising (grapes) around a window, without extra bars
Trellising for grapes, near Dresden / Saxony
Over-lathing of a window, fanned out vines
Trellis with vertical lathing, Markkleeberg / Saxony
Storey high espalier wall on an old farming house
Dreiskau-Muckern / Saxony
Long wall espalier, windows cut out, without additional cross-pieces below. Vines and laths do not protrude the top edge of the windows.
Long wall trellis, near Meißen / Saxony
Connection between two espaliers with additional cross-pieces above both windows
Gable with trellis

Several Trellises

Several espaliers often are arranged between windows, doors, etc.., if their size does not allow a continuous espalier system. Sometimes, even creative aspects determine the mounting of several, single espaliers instead of one large espalier system. Often times, the lines of the window row are “taken up“ – mostly in the shape of arranging the upper lath knobs on one line with the upper window borders. It is possible though, to set the crossbars in the flight of the upper or lower window border as well.

Two wine espaliers. Here the cross bars are level with the top edge of the windows
Old day-labourers' cottage, near Nünchritz / Saxony
Formally, diagonal bracings were installed due to the fact that laths were not screwed together only hung into one another.
Bracing, Dornburg / Thuringia
Two small espaliers, laths end with the top edges of the windows
Two small trellises, near Jena / Thuringia
Two differently hung trellises right and left of a barn door
Lath-trellis, Maua / Jena / Thuringia
Trellis for roses, only 2 laths
Trellis for Roses
A grape espalier with unusually far protruding laths
Grape espalier, Meißen / Saxony
Two separate climbing support elements
climbing support elements made of wood, near Jena / Thuringia
Small grapevine espalier with 3 bars
Small trellis, Radebeul / Saxony