Produces the popular Kiwi fruit. Originally from Asia and distributed from New Zealand, there are now plantations also in Southern Europe. Very vigorous shoot growth, young shoots hairy and rusty coloured. Susceptible to late frosts. A well-known cultivar is “Hayworth” (“Hayward”). “Jenny” is monoecious (see below) though bears smaller fruit. Pruning is complex, professional training similar to the Horizontal Cordon. If not trained properly, can cause damage similar to Wisteria. Refer below for suitable growth support systems, stem training as described for grapevines. Medium, but better Heavy Duty Systems.
Also known as Bower Actinidia, Tara Vine, Red-Fleshed Actinidia Fruit and Cocktail Kiwi, this plant originates from Japan, China and Korea. Fruit is small, but fruit bearing is reliable, a plant with modest requirements and low maintenance. Yearly pruning required to thin out growth. Growth slightly less vigorous than A. deliciosa. Smooth, red-brown, non-hairy shoots. Grows to about 8m in height. Yellow autumn colouring! The cultivar “Issai” is monoecious (see below). The high frost resistance of the plants allows for Pot Cultivation, given the right conditions. For suitable growth support systems, see below, similar as described for grapevines. Medium, but preferably Heavy Duty Growth Support Systems.
Similar to the Kolomikta Vine is the “Silver Vine” also known as "Cat Powder" or "Chinese Cat Powder" (Actinidia polygama), however it has bitter fruit. An ornamental Kiwi with filigree foliage, leaves on male plants have white-pink apices in early summer. Grows only to about 2 - 3m. Shrubby twiner, occasionally blue-black fruit on female plants. Especially suitable for small espaliers, wire rope systems as for Clematis. Medium as well as Heavy Duty Support Systems.
- Kiwi Vine Actinidia chinensis
- Kiwi / Chinese Gooseberry after summer pruning, on horizontal wires
- Chinese Gooseberry
- True Kiwi or Chinese Gooseberry: Female flowers with radiating pistils that gave rise to its German common name “Strahlengriffel”
- Male flowers of Actinidia chinensis
- Grape vine (left) and Chinese Gooseberry (right)