In bygone times, every wine-growing region had its own typical training techniques. Vines were either grown as shrubs without any growth supports, or tied to wooden frames. Around 1900 the "Rhine-Hessian Training" became firmly established, a post and wire system using several horizontal parallel wires superimposed upon each other ("wire frame").
The vines are arranged in rows with the plants usually spaced at approx. 1.5m centres (for 2 canes per vine) or 0.8m (for 1 cane per vine). The trellis area, ie the space between the top and bottom wires, should be approx. 1m high, for smaller layouts in the garden min. 70cm.
The type and construction of the Wire Frames depends among other things on the selected training method, and, for larger sites, requires professional advice. For small plantings the wire rope system 0050 is useful.
Selecting the correct training method is best done with professional advice. As an example, the bilateral cane training method as from the 2nd year is illustrated here. Please use also the information under 1st Year.
Each trunk develops a so-called "head," which is annually Cane Pruned. Usually additional Summer Pruning follows.
- Image 01: Vines in vineyard after pruning, prior to bending and tying.
- Image 02: Vines after pruning, unilateral arched canes, buds bursting
- Vines on wire frame arranged as espalier, along a façade, bilateral arched canes
- Row of vines after pruning, bilateral canes (tied as "semi-circles" / half circles).
- Timber trellises were the forerunners of wire frames. Detail of a painting by Johannes Köhler 1925, Vineyard near Burgscheidungen. Wine Museum Neuenburg / Freyburg /Unstrut / Sa.- Anhalt
- Vineyard in the Elb Valley near Diesbar-Seusslitz - Saxony, winter image.
- Horizontal arched canes, bilateral and unilateral, on a freestanding timber trellis.