Horizontal espalier ribbons require an espalier height of 0.7m - 1.2m, ie the distance between the lowest and highest wire should be at least 70cm. For aesthetic reasons, it is recommended to keep a minimal distance of 25 - 40 cm to house corners, windows, doors and other wall openings (refer to Planning Tips). A vine with bilateral canes requires a width of approx. 1.5m, with a unilateral cane a width of approx. 0.8m. For a cane bent and tied into a circle ("Circular Cane," see below), the espalier width can be as narrow as 50cm.
Small or narrow, ribbon-like espaliers, for suitable wire rope systems refer to Grapevines.
As illustrated in vineyard training, for the usual bilateral arched canes 3 espalier wires are sufficient. For tall espaliers, the vertical main trunk is trained to the desired height; if growth is rather weak, this training period is extended by another year. For very small or narrow spaces, only one lateral cane is developed and tied as Circular Cane (see below).
- Several vines, loosely connected to form an espalier "ribbon"
- The same espalier "ribbon" as above, before winter pruning, trellis system as per System 3050.
- After winter pruning, 2 lateral, slightly arched canes ("Flachbogen", see photo below).
- Young vine with 2 canes and replacement spur. Detail to image above.
- Older vine without replacement spurs. Detail to image above.
- Vine with vineyard training, bilateral slightly arched canes ("Flachbogen"), trellis as per
- Detail zum Foto oben links, Weinlese mit hohem Ertrag
- Grapevine on 3 horizontal wires as per System 1020. For widths less than 1.5m, only one lateral cane is developed.
- Vines with medium height trunks, on two horizontal wires as per System 1060, bilateral slightly arched canes ("Flachbogen")
- On timber trellises the canes can be bent into a semi-circle; here several vines trained as semi-circles.