Position in full sun, preferably protected from prevailing winds.
A climber with tendrils, vigorous growth, yearly new shoots 1 - 4m, sometimes trailing like a bridal train. Leaf shapes often filigree. Foliage from April/May to October.
Flower insignificant, panicled. Fruit green, yellow, red or blue to black, grapes and berries of varying sizes.
- Old grapevine espaliers
- A well planned trellis guides the grapevines to where the greening is desired, leaving other areas free.
- Two grapevines on a façade
- Grapevines trained with tall trunks on a wire espalier. No unauthorised snacking here!
Rods, grids, wires or wire ropes, especially for tying the vine trunks. Se below for suitable wire rope systems. Usually Medium trellis systems, for larger areas and for old varieties and grapevines susceptible to fungus, Heavy-Duty Assembly Kits (greater distance from wall). In exceptional cases also Light Assembly Kits.
For espaliers along walls it is important that the stem framework of the vine is tied to the outside of the trellis. Yearly fruiting canes which are later pruned off get tucked behind the trellis.
Formative pruning of the vine takes several years ("Training"). Pruning in winter an absolute necessity, additional summer pruning may be required.
"FassadenGrün" provides comprehensive information about Grapevines via the Links above.